Sea Ice Drift in the Arctic
The role of dynamic factors, in particular the pattern and intensity of ice drift, in the formation of the ice regime and changes in the area of ice cover in the Arctic Ocean is examined (Gudkovich 1961; Belyakov et al. 1984a, b). Earlier it was shown that only 20% of the variability of the ice cover is determined by thermal factors (Makshtas et al. 2003). The relationship between large-scale variability of the ice drift field in the Arctic Ocean and changes in the sea ice extent occurring during the last decades is considered based on a unique data set of daily ice drift fields obtained by analysis of satellite remote sensing observations. Analysis of vector fields of sea ice drift is performed using a vector-algebraic method, which makes it possible to significantly compress the initial information and describe the vector fields by a limited set of vectors and scalar parameters. A combined analysis of variability of the drift fields in relation to changes in the type of atmospheric...
The authors are grateful to Prof. Valentine A. Rozkov (St. Petersburg State University) for valuable advice given in the process of manuscript preparation (Chap. 7), as well as to members of the Oceanographic committee of the Russian Geographical Society for an efficient discussion during a seminar.
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