Research and Statistics

  • Sitratullah O. Kukoyi-MaiyegunEmail author


Medical statistics deals with the application of statistics to medicine and the health sciences, including epidemiology, public health, forensic medicine, and clinical research.


Randomized controlled trials Cohort studies Case-control studies Case studies Meta-analyses Validity Sensitivity Specificity Odds ratio (OR) 

Suggested Reading

  1. Chou R, Aronson N, Atkins D, Ismaila AS, Santaguida P, Smith DH, et al. AHRQ series paper 4: assessing harms when comparing medical interventions: AHRQ and the effective health-care program. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010;63(5):502–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Copeland-Linder N. Research and statistics: reliability and validity in pediatric practice. Pediatr Rev. 2009;30(7):278–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Norris S, Atkins D, Bruening W, Fox S, Johnson E, Kane R, et al. Selecting observational studies for comparing medical interventions. In: Methods guide for effectiveness and comparative effectiveness reviews [Internet]. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2010.Google Scholar
  7. Palaia A. Research and statistics: study design and data sources. Pediatr Rev. 2013;34(8):371–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Perry-Parrish C, Dodge R. Research and statistics: validity hierarchy for study design and study type. Pediatr Rev. 2010;31(1):27–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Paul L. Foster School of MedicineTexas Tech University Health Science CenterEl PasoUSA

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