Fluids and Electrolytes

  • Benjamin Steinman
  • Beatrice GoilavEmail author


Fluid and electrolyte derangements are commonly encountered in all pediatric settings; however, due to changes in body composition and electrolyte needs as the child grows from the neonatal period to adolescence, their management is often challenging. This chapter aims to summarize the information that the pediatrician needs to have in order to adequately address all fluid and electrolyte imbalances at any given age, as well as provide the necessary calculations to accomplish that goal.


Hypernatremia Hyponatremia Dehydration Metabolic acidosis Metabolic alkalosis Hyperkalemia Hypokalemia Chloride Acid–base Shock 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsThe Children’s Hospital at SUNY Downstate, SUNY Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric NephrologyChildren’s Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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