Advertisement

Gastroenterology

  • Robert D. BakerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter offers a broad look at the commonly encountered conditions. The issues covered here are ones that comprise a large proportion of a general pediatrician’s practice. Abdominal pain is covered comprehensively, including acute abdominal pain, chronic abdominal pain, and recurrent abdominal pain. Functional gastrointestinal disease is discussed in the context of the Rome criteria. Within the section on abdominal pain is description of pancreatitis and gallbladder disease. Discussion of liver disease including inborn errors, infections and autimmune diseases of the liver.

Keywords

Abdominal migraine Acute appendicitis Acute pancreatitis Alagille syndrome Autoimmune hepatitis Bacterial overgrowth Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome Biliary atresia Caustic injury Celiac disease CF-related diabetes mellitus Cholecystitis Choledocholithiasis Cholelithiasis Chronic abdominal pain Constipation Cowden syndrome Crohn’s disease Cyclic vomiting Disaccharide intolerance Duodenal atresia Encopresis Eosinophilic esophagitis Esophageal atresia Esophageal varices Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES) Fulminant hepatitis Functions abdominal pain Gastroesophageal reflux GI foreign body Gilbert syndrome Gluten-sensitive enteropathy Hematemesis Hematochezia Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hirschsprung disease Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis Inflammatory bowel disease Inguinal hernia Intussusception Irritable bowel syndrome Jaundice Juvenile polyp Juvenile polyposis syndrome Acute abdominal pain Lactose intolerance Malrotation Meckel diverticulum Melena Occult bleeding Pancreatic insufficiency Pancreatic sufficiency Peptic ulcer disease Peutz-Jegher syndrome Portal hypertension Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia Recurrent abdominal pain Recurrent pancreatitis Referred pain Rumination Shwachman-Diamond syndrome Short bowel syndrome Superior mesenteric artery syndrome Tracheoesophageal fistula Ulcerative colitis Volvulus Vomiting Wilson disease Zollinger-Ellison syndrome 

References

  1. 1.
    Hyams JS, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, Shulman RJ, Staiano A, van Tilburg M. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/adolescent. Gastroenterology. 2016;150(6):1456–68.e2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nelson R, Sreedharan R, Liacouras CA. Digestive system. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, Schor NF, St. Geme III JW, Behrman RE, editors. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2011. p. 1242.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kramer RE, Lerner DG, Lin T, Manfredi M, Shah M, Stephen TC, North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Endoscopy Committee, et al. Management of ingested foreign bodies in children: a clinical report of the NASPGHAN endoscopy committee. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;60(4):562–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wylie R, Hyams JS, Kay M, editors. Pediatric gastrointestinal and liver disease. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016.Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Green SS. Ingested and aspirated foreign bodies. Pediatr Rev. 2015;36(10):430–6. quiz 437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hill ID, Dirks MH, Liptak GS, Colletti RB, Fasano A, Guandalini S, North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, et al. Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of celiac disease in children: recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005;40(1):1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hyams JS, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, Shulman RJ, Staiano A, van Tilburg M. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: child/adolescent. Gastroenterology. 2016;150(6):1456–68.e2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kleinman RE, Goulet O-J, Mieli-Vergani G, Sanderson IR, Sherman PM, Shneider BL, editors. Walker’s pediatric gastrointestinal disease. 6th ed. Raleigh: People’s Medical Publishing House–USA; 2018.Google Scholar
  5. Sierra D, Wood M, Kolli S, Felipez LM. Pediatric gastritis, gastropathy, and peptic ulcer disease. Pediatr Rev. 2018;39(11):542–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Suchy FJ, Sokol RJ, Balistreri WF, editors. Liver disease in children. 4th ed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 2014.Google Scholar
  7. Wylie R, Hyams JS, Kay M, editors. Pediatric gastrointestinal and liver disease. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsJacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New YorkAmherstUSA

Personalised recommendations