The endocrinology chapter reviews many of the disorders pediatricians encounter in their practice, including disorders of growth, puberty, calcium metabolism, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, pituitary gland, diabetes, and disorders of sexual differentiation. Background information is provided to aid in understanding the principles behind diagnosis and management. Additional Pearls and Pitfalls can be found at the end of the chapter.
KeywordsGrowth Pituitary gland Neonatal hypoglycemia Craniopharyngioma Diabetes insipidus Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) Cerebral salt wasting Hyperpituitarism Gigantism Acromegaly Prolactinoma Congenital hypothyroidism Hashimoto thyroiditis Graves disease Thyroid cancer Hypoparathyroidism Hyperparathyroidism Rickets Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Cushing syndrome Addison disease Klinefelter syndrome Turner syndrome Polycystic ovary disease Denys-Drash syndrome Type 1 diabetes mellitus Type 2 diabetes mellitus Diabetes ketoacidosis Maturity onset diabetes of youth (MODY) Obesity
The author gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Kuk-Wha Lee, MD, PhD, Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA, to the 1st edition of this chapter, many of which have been incorporated into this edition as well.
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