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Arsenic-Contaminated Drinking Water and the Associated Health Effects in the Shahpur Block of Bihar: A Case Study From Five Villages

  • Barun Kumar Thakur
  • Vijaya Gupta
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Water Security book series (AWS)

Abstract

The current paper estimates the arsenic-contaminated drinking water and its associated effects on human health. The result is based on a primary survey of 173 households from five arsenic contaminated villages from Shahpur block in the Bhojpur district from Bihar state, India. A field test kit was used to test the concentration levels of arsenic in households’ drinking water. The results of the water tests revealed that more than 60% of the drinking water has excess arsenic concentration levels (more than 0.01 mg/L of WHO standards). The incidence rate due to arsenicosis (arsenic poisoning) was more among females than males. From the survey, it was also found that skin-lesions and other health issues due to arsenic induced-problems were more acute among children and women compared to men. More than half of the respondents (51%) did not hear about arsenic poisoning, and around 13.29% of the surveyed respondents know the serious health issues due to arsenic-contaminated drinking water.

Keywords

Arsenic Bihar Drinking water Health Skin lesions 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This paper is a part of Fellow (Ph.D.) programme carried under National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai and financed by MHRD, Government of India. Authors are thankful to all the villagers who helped during the field survey.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barun Kumar Thakur
    • 1
  • Vijaya Gupta
    • 2
  1. 1.FLAME UniversityPuneIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Industrial EngineeringMumbaiIndia

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