Fostering Well-being: Spirituality and Creativity in Clinical Practice

  • Letícia Oliveira Alminhana
  • Claude Robert Cloninger
Part of the Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Social Scientific Approach book series (RELSPHE, volume 4)


Well-being is the fruit of the development of maturity of character. Well-being can be fostered through spiritual development involving the search for self-transcendent meaning in a clinical approach that is creative and person-centered. Since Plato’s Chariot Allegory, well-being is understood not as the absence of impairment, but as a dynamic complex of adaptive systems and causes. In line with both Greek philosophy and neuroscience, the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is an evidence-based model of personality in which maturity of character is the expression of the creative profile (that is, the combination of high self-directedness, cooperativeness and self-transcendence). The development of a creative profile with strong intrinsic conviction about what is spiritually meaningful is the key to flourishing and resilience despite stressful life events and ultimate situations like suffering and death. Consequently, person-centered therapists can develop their own spiritual awareness and creative perspective in order enhance their effectiveness in fostering the well-being of their clients in clinical practice.


Spirituality Well-being Maturity Creative profile Temperament Character Flourishing Personality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Letícia Oliveira Alminhana
    • 1
  • Claude Robert Cloninger
    • 2
  1. 1.School of PsychologyPontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Washington University Medical SchoolSt. LouisUSA

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