The Historical Context of the Gender Gap in Mathematics

  • June Barrow-GreenEmail author
Part of the Association for Women in Mathematics Series book series (AWMS, volume 20)


This chapter is based on the talk that I gave in August 2018 at the ICM in Rio de Janeiro at the panel on The Gender Gap in Mathematical and Natural Sciences from a Historical Perspective. It provides some examples of the challenges and prejudices faced by women mathematicians during last two hundred and fifty years. I make no claim for completeness but hope that the examples will help to shed light on some of the problems many women mathematicians still face today.



I thank Deborah Kent, Caroline Series, and Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze for their valuable comments and suggestions which helped me produce an improved final version of this article.


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Copyright information

© The Association for Women in Mathematics and the Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

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