Looking to the (Divided) Future: Preparing Young People for Life in Divided Societies

  • Helen Hanna
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Citizenship Education and Democracy book series (GCED)


This chapter is the third of three chapters on research findings, analyses and discussions. It begins by considering the issue of preparing young for life in school, covering preparation for exam success and youth participation in curriculum development. It then considers preparation of young people for life in society, particularly focusing on the question of whether young people are citizens or ‘citizens-in-waiting’, and the extent to which citizenship education should prepare young people for life in a divided society. The penultimate section of the chapter compares findings from Northern Ireland and Israel. The final part of the chapter maps the findings onto the 2-A framework of an ‘acceptable’ and ‘adaptable’ education. Particularly problematic terms in this case are the requirements that education be flexible to the needs of a changing society and the needs of an individual student, involves diverse groups in development, and be relevant.


Preparation for life Divided society Participation Citizens-in-waiting 



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of International and Comparative EducationEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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