Representing the Minority: Curriculum in Divided Societies

  • Helen Hanna
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Citizenship Education and Democracy book series (GCED)


This chapter is the first of three chapters on research findings, analyses and discussions. It highlights the difficulties as well as the importance of the ethno-national minority being represented in the citizenship curriculum. It looks at educational governance, finding oneself in ‘the story’ of the curriculum and the problem of the common curriculum. The penultimate section of the chapter compares findings from Northern Ireland and Israel. The final part of the chapter maps the findings onto the 2-A framework of an ‘acceptable’ and ‘adaptable’ education, highlighting some of the challenges and contradictions in the understandings of these terms between groups and individuals. Particularly, problematic terms in this case are the requirements that education be relevant, culturally appropriate, flexible to the needs of a particular community and involve diverse groups in development.


Representation Minority Curriculum Governance Story Common curriculum 



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of International and Comparative EducationEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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