Advertisement

What Computers Will Never Be Able To Do

  • Thomas Tozer
Chapter
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

Could artificial intelligence ever replicate all the abilities of humans? This question hinges on whether or not the mind is simply an advanced machine. If consciousness is non-physical then the mind cannot be reduced to a machine, and computers will never be conscious in the same way that humans are. The implications for employment and automation include the inability of computers to take on all empathetic and caring work roles.

References

  1. Chalmers, D. J. (1995). Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3), 200–219.Google Scholar
  2. Dennett, D. C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  3. Dennett, D. C. (2017). From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds. London: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  4. Dreyfus, H. L. (1992). What Computers Still Can’t Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason (Rev. ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Ford, M. (2015). The Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of Mass Unemployment. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  6. Kurzweil, R. (2005). The Singularity is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. New York: Viking Penguin.Google Scholar
  7. Le Bon, G. (1896 [2001]). The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind. Kitchener: Batoche Books.Google Scholar
  8. Nagel, T. (1974). What Is It Like to Be a Bat? The Philosophical Review, 83(4), 435–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nagel, T. (2017, March 9). Is Consciousness an Illusion? The New York Review of Books.Google Scholar
  10. New Scientist (2017). Machines That Think: Everything You Need to Know About the Coming Age of Artificial Intelligence (N. Bostrom, N. Christianini, J. Graham-Cumming, P. Norvig, A. Sandberg, T. Walsh, contributors, D. Heaven & A. George, Eds.). New Scientist.Google Scholar
  11. Searle, J. R. (1980). Minds, Brains, and Programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3(3), 417–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Searle, J. R. (1993). The Problem of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition, 2(4), 310–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Searle, J. R. (1995, December 21). ‘The Mystery of Consciousness’: An Exchange. The New York Review of Books.Google Scholar
  14. Searle, J. R. (2008). Philosophy in a New Century: Selected Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Turello, D. (2015). Brain, Mind, and Consciousness: A Conversation with Philosopher John Searle. Library of Congress, March 3. Retrieved from https://blogs.loc.gov/kluge/2015/03/conversation-with-john-searle/
  16. Turing, A. M. (1950). Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind, New Series, 59(236), 433–460.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Tozer
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Global StudiesLondonUK

Personalised recommendations