Cross-Continental Nooses: Catalyzed Cotton and Industrial Wealth

  • Donald E. Grant Jr.


Cross-Continental Nooses details the intricate involvement of Portugal, Spain, England and France in the growth and development of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. It is an exploration of acute institution success factors which include trade monopolies and ascientos, exploration charters, investors and insurers. The history of the cotton plant, the European Industrial Revolution and the Liberation of Haiti are all implicated as catalyzing factors driving American slavery to exponential growth and cruelty. The chapter moves into the American Civil War by first exploring American land expansion, exponential population growth and the end of the Lancashire cottage industry. The chapter closes with a probe into the histories of contemporary businesses birthed by the institution of slavery like Lehman Brothers, Lloyds of London, Aetna Insurance, Barclays and JP Morgan Chase. Narratives and litigation records show how these organizations monetized the African slave trade to leverage resources for the building of their personal empires and global brands.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. Grant Jr.
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Mindful Training SolutionsLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Pacific Oaks CollegePasadenaUSA

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