Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Scoliosis

  • Jeffrey H. Weinreb
  • Uchechi Iweala
  • Danny Lee
  • Warren Yu
  • Joseph R. O’Brien


Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) of the spine has become an increasingly important concept in spinal surgery. Within the past decade, a lateral MIS approach to the lumbar spine, also known by the trademarked “extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF)” (NuVasive, Inc., San Diego, CA), has gained popularity as a new technique. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the benefits and limitations of minimally invasive spine surgery, with a focus on advantages and disadvantages of XLIF for lumbar scoliosis. The discussion of XLIF includes indications, surgical technique, postoperative care, possible complications, and outcomes. The body of literature regarding XLIF compared to both open and minimally invasive approaches is also examined. Finally, a case study following an XLIF patient is reviewed.


Minimally invasive spine surgery Lateral lumber interbody fusion Spinal deformity surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey H. Weinreb
    • 1
  • Uchechi Iweala
    • 1
  • Danny Lee
    • 2
  • Warren Yu
    • 1
  • Joseph R. O’Brien
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryThe George Washington University HospitalWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health SciencesWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Washington Spine & Scoliosis Institute at OrthoBethesdaBethesdaUSA

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