# 2D Roughness, 3D Roughness and Roughness Applications

Chapter

First Online:

## Abstract

The heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of flow in channels with 2D roughness, 3D roughness and various roughness applications have been presented in this chapter. The thermo-hydraulic performance of various roughness elements such as corrugations, ribs, grooves and dimples has been discussed in detail.

## Keywords

2D and 3D roughness Corrugated channels Grooves Dimples Ribs Wire ribs Machine ribs and dimple/protrusion ribs## References

- Achenbach E (1977) The effect of surface roughness on the heat transfer from a circular cylinder to the cross flow of air. Int J Heat Mass Transf 20:359–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Aharwal KR, Gandhi BK, Saini JS (2008) Experimental investigation on heat-transfer enhancement due to a gap in an inclined continuous rib arrangement in a rectangular duct of solar air heater. Renew Energy 33:585–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ahmed HE, Ahmed MI, Yusoff MZ, Hawlader MNA, Al-Ani H (2015) Experimental study of heat transfer augmentation in non-circular duct using combined Nanofluids and vortex generator. Int J Heat Mass Transf 90:1197–1206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Almeida IA, Souza-Mendes PR (1992) Local and average transport coefficients for the turbulent flow in internally ribbed tubes. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 5:513–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Al-Qahtani M, Chen HC, Han JC, Jang YJ (2002) Prediction of flow and heat transfer in rotating two-pass rectangular channels with 45◦ rib turbulators. ASME J Turbomach 124(2):242–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Alipour H, Karimipour A, Safaei MR, Semiromi DT, Akbari OA (2017) Influence of t-semi attached rib on turbulent flow and heat transfer parameters of a silver-water nanofluid with different volume fractions in a three-dimensional trapezoidal microchannel. Phys E Low Dimen Syst Nanostruct 88:60–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Barba A, Rainieri S, Spiga M (2002) Heat transfer enhancement in a corrugated tube. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 29(3):313–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Burgess NK, Oliveira MM, Ligrani PM (2003) Nusselt number behavior on deep dimpled surfaces within a channel. J Heat Transf 125:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bhagoria JL, Saini JS, Solanki SC (2002) Heat transfer coefficient and friction factor correlations for rectangular solar air heater duct having transverse wedge shaped rib roughness on the absorber plate. Renew Energy 25:341–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bhushan B, Singh R (2011) Nusselt number and friction factor correlations for solar air heater duct having artificially roughened absorber plate. Sol Energy 85:1109–1118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bianco V, Scarpa F, Tagliafico LA (2018) Computational fluid dynamics modeling of developing forced laminar convection flow of Al
_{2}O_{3}–water Nanofluid in a two-dimensional rectangular section channel. J Enhanc Heat Transf 25(4–5):387–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar - Bopche SB, Tandale MS (2009) Experimental investigations on heat transfer and frictional characteristics of a turbulator roughened solar air heater duct. Int J Heat Mass Transf 52:2834–2848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cernecky J, Koniar J, Ohanka L, Brodnianska Z (2015) Temperature field and heat transfer in low REYNOLDS flows inside trapezoidal-profiled corrugated-plate channels. J Enhanc Heat Transf 22(4):329–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chandra PR, Alexander CR, Han JC (2003) Heat transfer and friction behaviors in rectangular channels with varying number of ribbed walls. Int J Heat Mass Transf 46:481–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chen W, Ren J, Jiang H (2011) Effect of turning vane configurations on heat transfer and pressure drop in a ribbed internal cooling system. ASMEJ Turbomach 133(4):041012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chen Y, Chew Y, Khoo B (2014) Heat transfer and flow structure on periodically dimple protrusion patterned walls in turbulent channel flow. Int J Heat Mass Transf 78:871–882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Churchill SW (1973) Empirical expressions for the shear stress in turbulent flow in commercial pipe. AiChE J 19:375–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chyu MK, Yu Y, Ding H, Downs JP, Soechting FO (1997) Concavity enhanced heat transfer in an internal cooling passage, ASME Paper 97-GT-437. ASME, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Chyu MK, Siw SC (2013) Recent advances of internal cooling techniques for gas turbine air foils. ASME J Therm Sci Eng Appl 5(021008):1–12Google Scholar
- Cimina S, Wang C, Wang L, Niro A, Sunden B (2015) Experimental study of pressure drop and heat transfer in a u-bend channel with various guide vanes and ribs. J Enhanc Heat Transf 22(1):29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Coletti F, Verstraete T, Bulle J, Van derWielen T, Van den Berge N, Arts T (2013) Optimization of a U-bend for minimal pressure loss in internal cooling channels—part II: experimental validation. ASMEJ Turbomach 135(5):051016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cope WG (1945) The friction and heat transmission coefficients of rough pipes. Proc Inst Mech Eng 145:99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dong Y, Huixiong L, Tingkuan C (2001) Pressure drop, heat transfer and performance of singlephase turbulent flow in spirally corrugated tubes. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 24:131–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Edwards FJ, Sheriff N (1961) The heat transfer and friction characteristics of forced convection air flow over a particular type of rough surface. In: International developments in heat transfer. ASME, New York, pp 415–426Google Scholar
- Eiamsa-ard S, Promvonge P (2008) Numerical study on heat transfer of turbulent channel flow over periodic grooves. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 35(7):844–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Eiamsa-ard S, Promvonge P (2009) Thermal characteristics of turbulent rib-grooved channel flows. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 36(7):705–711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ekkad SV, Han JC (1997) Detailed heat transfer distributions in two-pass square channels with rib turbulators. Int J Heat Mass Transf 40:2525–2537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ekkad SV, Huang Y, Han JC (1998) Detailed heat transfer distributions in two-pass smooth and turbulated square channels with bleed holes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 41:3781–3791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Elshafei EAM, Awad MM, El-Negiry E, Ali AG (2010) Heat transfer and pressure drop in corrugated channels. Energy 35(1):101–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Fenner GW, Ragi E (1979) Enhanced tube inner surface heat transfer device and method. U.S. patent 4,154,291, May 15Google Scholar
- Gee DL, Webb RL (1980) Forced convection heat transfer in helically rib-roughened tubes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 23:1127–1136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gowen RA, Smith JW (1968) Turbulent heat transfer from smooth and rough surfaces. Int J Heat Mass Transf 11:1657–1673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Groehn HG, Scholz F (1976) Heat transfer and pressure drop of in-line tube banks with artificial roughness. In: Heat and mass transfer sourcebook: fifth all-union conference, Minsk, Scripta, Washington, DC, pp 21–24Google Scholar
- Guo L, Xu H, Gong L (2015) Influence of wall roughness models on fluid flow and heat transfer in microchannels. Appl Therm Eng 84:399–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gupta D, Solanki SC, Saini JS (1993) Heat and fluid flow in rectangular solar air heater ducts having transverse rib roughness on absorber plates. Sol Energy 51(1):31–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gupta D, Solanki SC, Saini JS (1997) Thermohydraulic performance of solar air heaters with roughened absorber plates. Sol Energy 61:33–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gupta S, Chaube A, Verma P (2012) Review on heat transfer augmentation techniques: application in gas turbine blade internal cooling. J Eng Sci Technol Rev 5:57–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC (1984) Heat transfer and friction in channels with two opposite rib-roughened walls. J Heat Transf 106:774–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC (1988) Heat transfer and friction characteristics in rectangular channels with rib turbulators. J Heat Transf 110:321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Zhang YM (1992) High performance heat transfer ducts with parallel broken and V-shaped broken ribs. Int J Heat Mass Transf 35:513–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Ou S, Park JS, Lei CK (1989) Augmented heat transfer in rectangular channels of narrow aspect ratios with rib turbulators. Int J Heat Mass Transf 32:1619–1630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Zhang YM, Lee CP (1991) Augmented heat transfer in square channels with parallel, crossed, and V-shaped angled ribs. J Heat Transf 113:590–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Huang JJ, Lee CP (1993) Augmented heat transfer in square channels with wedge shaped and delta-shaped turbulence promoters. J Enhanc Heat Transf 1:37–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Huh M (2010) Recent studies in turbine blade internal cooling. Heat Transf Res 41:803–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han J, Glicksman L, Rohsenow W (1978) An investigation of heat transfer and friction for rib-roughened surfaces. Int J Heat Mass Transf 21(8):1143–1156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Han JC, Dutta S, Ekkad S (2000) Gas turbine heat transfer and cooling technology. Taylor & Francis, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Hans VS, Saini RP, Saini JS (2010) Heat transfer and friction factor correlations for a solar air heater duct roughened artificially with multiple V-ribs. Sol Energy 84:898–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Herman C, Kang E (2001) Comparative evaluation of three heat transfer enhancement strategies in a grooved channel. Heat Mass Transf 37(6):563–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Herman C, Kang E (2002) Heat transfer enhancement in a grooved channel with curved vanes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 45(18):3741–3757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hijikata K, Ishiguro H, Mori Y (1987) Heat transfer augmentation in a pipe flow with smooth cascade turbulence promoters and its application to energy conversion. In: Yang WJ, Mori Y (eds) Heat transfer in high technology and power engineering. Hemisphere, New York, pp 368–397Google Scholar
- Hishida M, Takase K (1987) Heat transfer coefficient of the ribbed surface. In: Proceedings of the third ASME/SME joint thermal engineering conference, vol 3, pp 103–110Google Scholar
- Huang K, Wan J, Chen C, Mao D, Li Y (2013) Experiments investigation of the effects of surface roughness on laminar flow in macro tubes. Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 45:243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hudina M (1979) Evaluation of heat transfer performances of rough surfaces from experimental investigation in annular channels. Int J Heat Mass Transf 22:1381–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hwang J-J (1998) Heat transfer-friction characteristic comparison in rectangular ducts with slit and solid ribs mounted on one wall. J Heat Transf 120:709–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hwang J-J, Liou T-M (1994) Augmented heat transfer in a rectangular channel with permeable ribs mounted on the wall. J Heat Transf 116:912–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hwang J-J, Liou T-M (1995) Heat transfer and friction in a low-aspect-ratio rectangular channel with staggered perforated ribs on two opposite walls. J Heat Transf 117:843–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Jaurker AR, Saini JS, Gandhi BK (2006) Heat transfer and friction characteristics of rectangular solar air heater duct using rib-grooved artificial roughness. Sol Energy 80:895–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Jia R, Sunden B, Faghri M (2005) Computational analysis of heat transfer enhancement in square ducts with v-shaped ribs: turbine blade cooling. ASME J Heat Transf 127(4):425–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kamali R, Binesh AR (2008) The importance of rib shape effects on the local heat transfer and flow friction characteristics of square ducts with ribbed internal surfaces. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 35(8):1032–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kang M-G (2001) Diameter effects on nucleate pool boiling for a vertical tube. J Heat Transf 123:400–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kanoun M, Baccar M, Mseddi M (2011) Computational analysis of flow and heat transfer in passages with attached and detached rib arrays. J Enhanc Heat Transf 18(2):167–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Karmare SV, Tikekar AN (2007) Heat transfer and friction factor correlation for artificially roughened duct with metal grit ribs. Int J Heat Mass Transf 50:4342–4351zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Karwa R, Solanki SC, Saini JS (1999) Heat transfer coefficient and friction factor correlations for the transitional flow regime in rib-roughened rectangular ducts. Int J Heat Mass Transf 42:1597–1615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Karwa R (2003) Experimental studies of augmented heat transfer and friction in asymmetrically heated rectangular ducts with ribs on the heated wall in transverse inclined, V-continuous and V-discrete pattern. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 30(2):241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Khalid A, Xie G, Sunden B (2016) Numerical simulations of flow structure and turbulent heat transfer in a square ribbed channel with varying rib pitch ratio. J Enhanc Heat Transf 23(2):155–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kim NH (2015) Single-phase pressure drop and heat transfer measurements of turbulent flow inside helically dimpled tubes. J Enhanc Heat Transf 22(4):345–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kong YQ, Yang LJ, Du XZ, Yang YP (2016) Air-side flow and heat transfer characteristics of flat and slotted finned tube bundles with various tube pitches. Int J Heat Mass Transf 99:357–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kukreja RT, Lau SC, McMillan RD (1993) Local heat/mass transfer distribution in a square channel with full and V-shaped ribs. Int J Heat Mass Transf 36:2013–2020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumar A, Bhagoria JL, Sarviya RM (2008) Heat transfer enhancement in channel of solar air collector by using discrete W-shaped artificial roughened absorber. In: Proc. 19th national and 8th ISHMT-ASME heat and mass transfer conferenceGoogle Scholar
- Kumar A, Saini RP, Saini JS (2013) Development of correlations for Nusselt number and friction factor for solar air heater with roughened duct having multi V-shaped with gap rib as artificial roughness. Renew Energy 58:151–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumar A, Saini RP, Saini JS (2014) A review of thermohydraulic performance of artificially roughened solar air heaters. Renew Sust Energ Rev 37:100–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumar R, Judd RL (1970) Heat transfer with coiled wire turbulence promoters. Can J Chem Eng 48:378–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumar S, Kothiyal AD, Bisht MS, Kumar A (2019) Effect of nanofluid flow and protrusion ribs on performance in square channels: an experimental investigation. J Enhanc Heat Transf 26(1):75–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumbhar DG, Sane NK (2015) Exploring heat transfer and friction factor performance of a dimpled tube equipped with regularly spaced twisted tape inserts. Procedia Eng 127:1142–1149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kuwahara H, Takahashi K, Yanagida T, Nakayama W, Hzgimoto S, Oizumi K (1989) Method of producing a heat transfer tube for single-phase flow. U.S. patent 4,794,775, January 3Google Scholar
- Lanjewar A, Bhagoria JL, Sarviya RM (2011) Experimental study of augmented heat transfer and friction in solar air heater with different orientations of W-rib roughness. Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 35:986–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Layek A, Saini JS, Solanki SC (2006) Second law optimization of a solar air heater having chamfered rib-groove roughness on absorber plate. Renew Energy 32:1967–1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lee CK, Abdel-Moneim SA (2001) Computational analysis of heat transfer in turbulent flow past a horizontal surface with 2-D ribs. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 28(2):161–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lee YO, Ahn J, Lee JS (2008) Effects of dimple depth and Reynolds number on the turbulent heat transfer in a dimpled channel. Prog Comput Fluid Dyn 8:432–438zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lee YO, Ahn J, Kim J, Lee JS (2012) Effect of dimple arrangements on the turbulent heat transfer in a dimpled channel. J Enhanc Heat Transf 19(4):359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lewis MJ (1974) Roughness functions, the thermohydraulic performance of rough surfaces and the Hall transformation—an overview. Int J Heat Mass Transf 17:809–814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Li S, Xie G, Zhang W, Sunden B (2012) Numerical predictions of pressure drop and heat transfer in a blade internal cooling passage with continuous truncated ribs. Heat Transf Res 43:573–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Liou TM, Hwang JJ (1993) Effect of ridge shapes on turbulent heat transfer and friction in a rectangular channel. Int J Heat Mass Transf 36:931–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Liou T-M, Hwang J-J, Chen S-H (1993) Simulation and measurement of enhanced turbulent heat transfer in a channel with periodic ribs on one principal wall. Int J Heat Mass Transf 36:507–517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ligrani PM, Oliveira MM, Blaskovich T (2003) Comparison of heat transfer augmentation techniques. AIAA J 41(3):337–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ligrani PM, Mahmood GI, Harrison JL, Clayton CM, Nelson DL (2001) Flow structure and local Nusselt number variations in a channel with dimples and protrusions on opposite walls. Int J Heat Mass Transf 44:4413–4425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Liu J, Song Y, Xie G, Sunden B (2015) Numerical modeling flow and heat transfer in dimpled cooling channels with secondary hemispherical protrusions. Energy 79:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Luo J, Razinsky EH (2009) Analysis of turbulent flow in 180 deg turning ducts with and without guide vanes. ASME J Turbomach 131(2):021011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mahmood GI, Ligrani PM (2002) Heat transfer in a dimpled channel: combined influences of aspect ratio, temperature ratio, Reynolds number, and flow structure. Int J Heat Mass Transf 45:2011–2020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mahmood GI, Hill ML, Nelson DL, Ligrani PM, Moon HK, Glezer B (2001a) Local heat transfer and flow structure on and above a dimpled surface in a channel. J Turbomachinery 123:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mahmood GI, Sabbagh MZ, Ligrani PM (2001b) Heat transfer in a channel with dimples and protrusions on opposite walls. J Thennophys Heat Transf 15:275–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Maubach K (1972) Rough annulus pressure drop—interpretation of experiments and recalculation for square ribs. Int J Heat Mass Transf 15:2489–2498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McLain CD (1975) Process for preparing heat exchanger tube. U.S. patent 1,906,605, issued to Olin CorpGoogle Scholar
- Mehta MH, Raja Rao M (1979) Heat transfer and friction characteristics of spirally enhanced tubes for horizontal condensers. In: Chenoweth JM, et al (eds) Advances in enhanced heat transfer, ASME Symp. ASME, New York, pp 11–22Google Scholar
- Mehta MH, Raja Rao M (1988) Analysis mid correlation of turbulent flow heat transfer and friction coefficients in spirally corrugated tubes for steam condenser application. In: Proceedings of the 1988 national heat transfer for conference, HTD-96, vol 3, pp 307–312Google Scholar
- Meyer L (1980) Turbulent flow in a plane channel having one or two rough walls. Int J Heat Mass Transf 23:591–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mittal MK, Varun, Saini RP, Singal SK (2007) Effective efficiency of solar air heaters having different types of roughness elements on absorber plate. Energy 32:739–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Momin AME, Saini JS, Solanki SC (2002) Heat transfer and friction in solar air heater duct with V-shaped rib roughness on absorber plate. Int J Heat Mass Transf 45:3383–3396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Muluwork KB (2000) Investigations on fluid flow and heat transfer in roughened absorber solar heaters. Ph.D. dissertation, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand IndiaGoogle Scholar
- Murata A, Mochizuki S (2001) Comparison between laminar and turbulent heat transfer in a stationary square duct with transverse or angled rib turbulators. Int J Heat Mass Transf 44(6):1127–1141zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nakayama W, Takahashi K, Daikoku T (1983) Spiral ribbing to enhance single-phase heat transfer inside tubes. In: Proceedings of the ASME-JSME thermal engineering joint conference, Honolulu, HI, vol 1. ASME, New York, pp 503–510Google Scholar
- Naphon P (2007) Heat transfer characteristics and pressure drop in channel with v corrugated upper and lower plates. Energy Convers Manag 48(5):1516–1524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Naphon P, Nuchjapo M, Kurujareon J (2006) Tube side heat transfer coefficient and friction factor characteristics of horizontal tubes with helical rib. Energy Convers Manag 47:3031–3044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Newson IH, Hodgson TD (1973) The development of enhanced heat transfer condenser tubing. Desalination 14:291–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ooi A, Iaccarino G, Durbin PA, Behnia M (2002) Reynolds averaged simulation of flow and heat transfer in ribbed ducts. Int J Heat Fluid Flow 23:750–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ortiz L, Guerrero A, Arana C, Mendez R (2008) Heat transfer enhancement in a horizontal channel by the addition of curved deflectors. Int J Heat Mass Transf 51(15–16):3972–3984zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pal SK, Bhattacharyya S (2018) Enhanced heat transfer of cu-water nanofluid in a channel with wall mounted blunt ribs. J Enhanc Heat Transf 25(1):61–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pawar CB, Aharwal KR, Chaube A (2009) Heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics of rib-groove roughened solar air heater ducts. Indian J Sci Technol 2(11):50–54Google Scholar
- Peng X, Peterson G (1996) Convective heat transfer and flow friction for water flow in microchannel structures. Int J Heat Mass Transf 39(12):2599–2608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Perng SW, Wu HW (2013) Heat transfer enhancement for turbulent mixed convection in reciprocating channels by various rib installations. J Enhanc Heat Transf 20(2):95–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Prasad BN (2013) Thermal performance of artificially roughened solar air heaters. Sol Energy 91:59–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Prasad K, Mulick SC (1983) Heat transfer characteristics of a solar air heater used for drying purposes. Appl Energy 13:83–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Prasad BN, Saini JS (1988) Effect of artificial roughness on heat transfer and friction factor in a solar air heater. Sol Energy 41:555–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Prasad BN, Behura AK, Prasad L (2014) Fluid flow and heat transfer analysis for heat transfer enhancement in three sided artificially roughened solar air heater. Sol Energy 105:27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rabas TJ, Bergles AE, Moen DL (1988) Heat transfer and pressure drop correlations for spirally grooved (rope) tubes used in surface condensers and multistage flash evaporators. In: Augmentation of heat transfer in energy systems, ASME Symp. HTD, vol 52, pp 693–704Google Scholar
- Rabas TJ, Thors P, Webb RL, Kim N-H (1993) Influence of roughness shape and spacing on the performance of three-dimensional helically dimpled tubes. J Enhanc Heat Transf 1:53–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Raja Rao M (1988) Heat transfer and friction correlations for turbulent flow of water and viscous non Newtonian fluids in single-start spirally corrugated tubes. In: Proceedings of the 1988 national heat transfer conference HTD-96, vol 1, pp 677–683Google Scholar
- Rau G, Cakan M, Moeller D, Arts T (1998) The effect of periodic ribs on the local aerodynamic and heat transfer performance of a straight cooling channel. ASME J Turbomach 120(2):368–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ravigururajan TS, Bergles AE (1985) General correlations for pressure drop and heat transfer for single-phase turbulent flow in internally ribbed tubes. In: Augmentation of heat transfer in energy systems, ASME Symp. HTD, vol 52, pp 9–20Google Scholar
- Ravigururajan TS, Bergles AE (1996) Development and verification of general correlations for pressure drop and heat transfer in single-phase turbulent flow in enhanced tubes. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 13:55–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saha AK, Acharya S (2005) Flow and heat transfer in an internally ribbed duct with rotation: an assessment of large eddy simulations and unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes simulations. ASME J Turbomach 127(2):306–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sahu MM, Bhagoria JL (2005) Augmentation of heat transfer coefficient by using 90° broken transverse ribs on absorber plate of solar air heater. Renew Energy 30:2057–2063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sahu MK, Prasad RK (2016) A review of the thermal and hydrodynamic performance of solar air heater with roughened absorber plates. J Enhanc Heat Transf 23(1):47–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saidi A, Sunden B (2000) Numerical simulation of turbulent convective heat transfer in square ribbed ducts. Numer Heat Transf 38:67–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saini RP, Saini JS (1997) Heat transfer and friction factor correlations for artificially roughened ducts with expanded metal mesh as roughened element. Int J Heat Mass Transf 40:973–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saini SK, Saini RP (2008) Development of correlations for Nusselt number and friction factor for solar air heater with roughened duct having arc-shaped wire as artificial roughness. Sol Energy 82:1118–1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saini RP, Verma J (2008) Heat transfer and friction factor correlations for a duct having dimple shaped artificial roughness for solar air heaters. Energy 33:1277–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schüler M, Zehnder F, Weigand B, von Wolfersdorf J, Neumann SO (2011) The effect of turning vanes on pressure loss and heat transfer of a ribbed rectangular two-pass internal cooling channel. ASME J Turbomach 133(2):021017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sethi M, Varun, Thakur NS (2012) Correlations for solar air heater duct with dimpled shape roughness elements on absorber plate. Sol Energy 86:2852–2861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sethumadhavan R, Raja Rao M (1983) Turbulent flow heat transfer and fluid friction in helical wire coil inserted tubes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 26:1833–1845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sethumadhavan R, Raja Rao M (1986) Turbulent flow friction and heat transfer characteristics of single- and multi-start spirally enhanced tubes. J Heat Transf 108:55–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sheriff N, Gumley P (1966) Heat transfer and friction properties of surfaces with discrete roughness. Int J Heat Mass Transf 9:1297–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Singh S, Chander S, Saini JS (2011) Heat transfer and friction factor correlations of solar air heater ducts artificially roughened with discrete V-down ribs. Energy 36:5053–5064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Slanciauskas A (2001) Two friendly rules for the turbulent heat transfer enhancement. Int J Heat Mass Transf 44:2155–2161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sui Y, Teo C, Lee P, Chew Y, Shu C (2010) Fluid flow and heat transfer in wavy microchannels. Int J Heat Mass Transf 53(13):2760–2772zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Suresh S, Chandrasekar M, Chandrasekar S (2001) Experimental studies on heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of CuO/water nanofluid under turbulent flow in a helically dimpled tube. Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 35:542–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Takahashi K, Nakayama W, Kuwahara H (1988) Enhancement of forced convective heat transfer in tubes having three-dimensional spiral ribs. Heat Transf Jpn Res 17(4):12–28Google Scholar
- Tanasawa I, Nishio S, Takano K, Tado M (1983) Enhancement of forced convection heat transfer in rectangular channel using turbulence promoters. In: Mori Y, Tanasawa I (eds) ASME-JSME thermal engineering joint conference, vol 1. ASME, New York, pp 395–402Google Scholar
- Tanasawa I, Nishio S, Takano K, Miyazaki H (1985) Augmentation of forced convection heat transfer using novel rib-type turbulence promoters. Research on Effective use of Thermal Energy, The Ministry of EducationGoogle Scholar
- Tanda G (2004) Heat transfer in rectangular channels with transverse and V-shaped broken ribs. Int J Heat Mass Transf 47:229–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tanda G (2016) Performance of solar air heater ducts with different types of ribs on the absorber plate. Energy 36:6651–6660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Taslim ME, Spring SD (1988) An experimental investigation of heat transfer coefficients and friction factors in passages of different aspect ratios roughened with 45 degree turbulators. In: Proceedings of the 1988 national heat transfer conference, HTD-96, vol 1, pp 661–668Google Scholar
- Taslim ME, Spring SD (1994) Effects of turbulator profile and spacing on heat transfer and friction in a channel. J Thermophys Heat Transf 8:555–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Taslim ME, Setayeshgar L, Spring SD (2001) An experimental evaluation of advanced leading edge impingement cooling concepts. Int J Turbomach 123(1):147–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Thianpong C, Eiamsa-ard P, Wongcharee K, Eiamsa-ard S (2009) Compound heat transfer enhancement of a dimpled tube with a twisted tape swirl generator. Int Commun Heat Mass Transf 36:698–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Thors P, Clevinger NR, Campbell BJ, Tyler JT (1997) Heat transfer tubes and methods of fabrication thereof. U.S. patent 5,697,430, December 16Google Scholar
- Thors P (2004) Personal communicationGoogle Scholar
- Varun, Saini RP, Singal SK (2007) A review on roughness geometry used in solar air heaters. Sol Energy 81:1340–1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Varun, Saini RP, Singal SK (2008) Investigation of thermal performance of solar air heater having roughness elements as a combination of inclined and transverse ribs on absorber plate. Renew Energy l33:1398–1405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Verma SK, Prasad BN (2000) Investigation for the optimal thermohydraulic performance of artificially roughened solar air heaters. Renew Energy 20:19–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Vicente PG, Garcia A, Viedma A (2002) Heat transfer and pressure drop for low Reynolds turbulent flow in helically dimpled tubes. Int J Heat Mass Transf 45:543–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Viswanathan AK, Tafti DK (2006) A comparative study of DES and URANS for flow prediction in a two-pass internal cooling duct. ASME J Fluids Eng 128(6):1136–1345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Vyas S, Manglik RM, Milind AJ (2010) Visualization and characterization of a lateral swirl flow structure in sinusoidal corrugated-plate channels. J Flow Visual Image Process 17(4):281–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang CC, Chen CK (2002) Forced convection in a wavy-wall channel. Int J Heat Mass Transf 45(12):2587–2595zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang L, Sunden B (2005) Experimental investigation of local heat transfer in square duct with continuous and truncated ribs. Exp Heat Transf 18:179–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Webb RL, Kim NH (2005) Principles of enhanced heat transfer. Taylor & Francis, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Webb RL, Eckert ERG (1972) Application of rough surfaces to heat exchanger design. Int J Heat Mass Transf 15:1647–1658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Webb RL, Eckert ERG, Goldstein RJ (1971) Heat transfer and friction in tubes with repeated rib roughness. Int J Heat Mass Transf 14:601–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Webb RL, Narayanamurthy R, Thors P (2000) Heat transfer and friction characteristics of internal helical-rib roughness. J Heat Transf 122:134–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wei X, Joshi Y, Ligrani P (2007) Numerical simulation of laminar flow and heat transfer inside a microchannel with one dimpled surface. ASME J Electron Packag 129(1):63–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- White L, Wilkie D (1970) The heat transfer and pressure loss characteristics of some multi-start ribbed surfaces. In: Augmentation of convective heat and mass transfer. ASME, New York, pp 55–62Google Scholar
- Withada J, Boonloi A (2014) Effects of blockage ratio and pitch ratio on thermal performance in a square channel with 301 double V-affles. Case Stud Therm Eng 4:118–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Withada J, Suwannapan S, Promvonge P (2011) Numerical study of laminar heat transfer in baffled square channel with various pitches. Energy Procedia 9:630–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wilkie D (1966) Forced convection heat transfer from surfaces roughened by transverse ribs. In: Third international heat transfer conference, vol 1, pp 1–19Google Scholar
- Wilkie D, Cowan M, Burnett P, Burgoyne T (1967) Friction factor measurements in a rectangular channel with walls of identical and non-identical roughness. Int J Heat Mass Transf 10:611–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Williams F, Pirie MAM, Warburton C (1970) Heat transfer from surfaces roughened by ribs. In: Augmentation of convective heat and mass transfer. ASME, New York, pp 55–62Google Scholar
- Withers JG (1980a) Tube-side heat transfer and pressure drop for tubes having helical internal ridging with turbulent/transitional flow of single-phase fluid. Part l: single-helix ridging. Heat Transf Eng 2(1):48–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Withers JG (1980b) Tube-side heat transfer and pressure drop for tubes having helical internal ridging with turbulent/transitional flow of single-phase fluid. Part 2: multiple-helix ridging. Heat Transf Eng 2(2):43–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wongcharee K, Changcharoen W, Eiamsa-ard S (2011) Numerical investigation of flow friction and heat transfer in a channel with various shaped ribs mounted on two opposite ribbed walls. Int J Chem React Eng 9:26Google Scholar
- Wright LM, Han JC (2014) Heat transfer enhancement for turbine blade internal cooling. J Enhanc Heat Transf 21(2–3):111–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Xie GN, Zheng SF, Sunden B, Zhang WH (2013) A numerical investigation of flow structure and heat transfer enhancement in square ribbed channels with differently positioned deflectors. J Enhanc Heat Transf 20(3):195–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yadav S, Kaushal M, Varun (2013) Siddhartha Nusselt number and friction factor correlations for solar air heater duct having protrusions as roughness elements on absorber plate. Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 44:34–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Zhang YF, Li FY, Liang ZM (1991) Heat transfer in spiral-coil-inserted tubes and its application. In: Ebadian MA, Pepper DW, Diller T (eds) Advances in heat transfer augmentation, ASME Symp. HTD, vol 169, pp 31–36Google Scholar
- Zukauskas AA, Ulinskas RV (1983) Surface roughness as means of heat transfer augmentation for banks of tubes in crossflow. In: Taborek J, Hewitt GP, Afgan N (eds) Heat exchangers: theory and practice. Hemisphere, Washington, DC, pp 311–321Google Scholar
- Zukauskas AA, Ulinskas RV (1988) Heat transfer in tube banks in crossflow. Hemisphere, New York, pp 94–118Google Scholar

## Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020