Molecular Breeding for Resistance to Economically Important Diseases of Pulses

  • Parmeshwar K. Sahu
  • Vinod J. Dhole
  • Suvendu Mondal


Pulses are an important part of human diet due to their high protein content relative to staple cereals. Pulses play an important role in agriculture by contributing toward food and nutritional security, nitrogen economy, crop intensification, diversification, and sustainable farming systems. They are usually grown in marginal soils, and huge losses of these precious pulses occurred due to different disease-causing microorganisms. Disease resistance in plant manifested due to specific interaction between a resistance gene product in host and an avirulence gene product in pathogen. In some cases, pathogens take opportunity to enter hosts by exploiting some favorable avenues (also called susceptibility factors) in the host. Mutation in those susceptibility factors can also lead to resistant reaction. Most of the pulse crops faced tremendous yield penalties due to diseases caused by various kinds of pathogens, viz., virus, bacteria, fungus, and pathogenic weed species, etc. Genetic resistance against those pathogens in pulse crops has been identified and well characterized. Before the onset of genome sequencing drive in these crops, plant breeders have developed molecular markers for some disease resistance. In the era of genomics and available genome sequences in major pulses, development of breeder-friendly markers got a momentum among the pulse researchers across the globe. The utilization of these markers in marker-assisted selection is being practiced in few pulse crops till now. In this chapter, we will have a glance on different diseases of important temperate and tropical pulse crops, marker information on the disease resistance, and exploitation of genomics and markers toward breeding and varietal development. This chapter will also focus on different disease screening methodologies and provide an outlook on future research prospects toward improvement of pulse for disease resistance.


Disease resistance R gene Molecular markers Marker-assisted selection Screening for resistance 



Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism




Bulked Segregant Analysis


DNA Amplification Fingerprinting


Diversity Arrays Technologies


Doubled Haploid Lines


Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay


Expressed Sequence Tags


Genome-Wide Association Studies


International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Topics




Inter Simple Sequence Repeat


Marker-Assisted Breeding


Marker-Assisted Backcrossing

MAGIC Population

Multiparent Advanced Generation Intercross Population


Marker-Assisted Selection

NAM Population

Nested Association Mapping Population


Near-Isogenic Lines


Polymerase Chain Reaction


Quantitative Trait Loci


Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA


Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism


Resistance Gene Candidates


Recombinant Inbred Lines


Sequence-Characterized Amplified Region


Single Nucleotide Polymorphism


Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism


Simple Sequence Repeat


Sequence-Tagged Microsatellite Sites


Sequence-Tagged Sites


Target Region Amplification Polymorphism



The authors sincerely acknowledge the encouragement from the Associate Director (A), Bioscience Group, and Head of Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.

Conflict of Interest

The authors of this chapter declare that there are no conflict of interest and no financial gain from it.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingIndira Gandhi Krishi ViswavidyalayaRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Nuclear Agriculture & Bio Technology DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Homi Bhabha National Institute, Training School ComplexMumbaiIndia

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