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Anaerobic Digestion of Aquatic Plants for Biogas Production

  • Tülay Güngören MadenoğluEmail author
  • Nasim Jalilnejad Falizi
  • Habibe Serez
  • Nalan KabayEmail author
  • Aslı Güneş
  • Rajeev Kumar
  • Taylan Pek
  • Mithat Yüksel
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Limited reserves of fossil fuel resources and negative environmental impacts increased energy demands toward renewable energy technologies. Bioenergy is one of the solutions, and biogas production from wastes and residues by anaerobic digestion (AD) is a promising technology. Municipal solid wastes, sludge from wastewater treatment plants, agricultural plant wastes, forestry residues and manure are the widely used sources in AD for biogas production. Aquatic plants can be evaluated as a renewable energy source. If waste and residues of these plants are not utilized in beneficial use, greenhouse gases (GHG) will be emitted through landfilling or direct combustion. Wastes should be converted to biogas with a high yield to decrease the quantity of wastes and biogas with a high-energy content. Substrate to inoculum ratio, temperature regime, C/N ratio, pH, volatile fatty acid and ammonia content are important process parameters for AD. Modified Gompertz, Cone and first-order equations are widely used model equations for kinetic parameters that are used in kinetic models (Monod, modified Andrew, Ratkowsky) for identification of optimum substrate concentration and temperature for each specific feed. This chapter evaluates effective process parameters on AD of aquatic plants for biogas production and application of kinetic analysis for assignment of optimum conditions.

Keywords

Anaerobic digestion (AD) Aquatic plant Biogas Kinetic analysis, methane 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBITAK, Project No: 114Y500) for the financial support. We also thank The Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology of Turkish Republic supporting our preliminary tests through the grant so-called SAN-TEZ (Project No: 0330.STZ.2013-2). We are grateful to IZSU Çiğli Advanced Biological Wastewater Treatment Plant, Izmir for giving us waste sludge for biogas production. We thank to Mr. G. Serin, M.Sc. students M. C. Akbas and B. Kaletas for assistance in laboratory studies. The authors acknowledge publisher “John Wiley and Sons” for permission of reuse of full article Güngören Madenoğlu et al. [7].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tülay Güngören Madenoğlu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nasim Jalilnejad Falizi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Habibe Serez
    • 1
  • Nalan Kabay
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aslı Güneş
    • 3
    • 4
  • Rajeev Kumar
    • 1
  • Taylan Pek
    • 5
  • Mithat Yüksel
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringEge UniversityBornova, IzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Biotechnology Division, Graduate School of Natural and Applied SciencesEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Bayındır Vocational SchoolEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  4. 4.Landscape Architecture DepartmentIzmir Democracy UniversityIzmirTurkey
  5. 5.ITOB-OSBIzmirTurkey

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