Managing Carbon Cycle Linkage to Livelihood in HKH Region

  • Zhanhuan ShangEmail author
  • A. Allan Degen
  • Devendra Gauchan
  • Bhaskar Singh Karky
  • Victor R. Squires


The ratchet effects of global climate change make all countries and regions vulnerable. It is believed that if countries/regions are not involved in climate change mitigation initiatives, they may be overwhelmed by ‘climate flood’, and their citizens may be victims of climate change. The HKH, as the biggest, poorest mountain area in the world, faces a big challenge, and efforts should be made to understand the status of the HKH and to develop a blueprint for mitigating climate change. This chapter integrates several components including: (1) the carbon management status of the HKH region and the urgent need for livelihood improvement and research and development linked with climate issues; (2) the framework for evaluating the level and mode of carbon compensation; (3) the strategy of sharing benefits from carbon management with indigenous people in the HKH region; and (4) the options for carbon management in HKH over future decades. Finally, this chapter provides a short summary of the contents and purpose of this book.


Carbon cycle Livelihood improvement Ecological compensation Indigenous people Potential framework HKH region 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhanhuan Shang
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Allan Degen
    • 2
  • Devendra Gauchan
    • 3
  • Bhaskar Singh Karky
    • 4
  • Victor R. Squires
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-EcosystemsLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Desert Animal Adaptations and Husbandry, Wyler Department of Dryland AgricultureBlaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of NegevBeer ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.Bioversity InternationalLalitpurNepal
  4. 4.International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)Lalitpur, KathmanduNepal
  5. 5.Institute of Desertification Studies (formerly University of Adelaide, Australia)BeijingChina

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