Impact of Plants in Isolation: The EDEN-ISS Human Factors Investigation in Antarctica

  • Irene Lia SchlachtEmail author
  • Harald Kolrep
  • Schubert Daniel
  • Giorgio Musso
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 964)


The EDEN-ISS is a greenhouse project at the Neumayer Station III in Antarctica. For the first time, this greenhouse supplied the station with fresh food and enabled research regarding sustainable and autonomous food production from Earth to Space. To investigate the plants’ impact on the crew (biophilia), a debriefing, questionnaires, and behavioral observation were used. The results show that the crew was satisfied with the consumption of fresh vegetables, which are usually not available in Antarctica. All (9 of 9 crew members) also agreed on the positive psychological and physiological impact of the plants on their well-being. The investigation will be repeated with the next crew of the Neumayer Station III and will also be proposed for comparison at stations like Concordia.


Human Factors Human-systems integration Space mission Habitability Psychology Isolation plants Interaction Biophilia 



A sincere thanks to the Neumayer station III crew that performed this investigation. The EDEN ISS project has received funding from the European Horizon 2020 Programme within the topic of ‘Space exploration/Life support’ under grant agreement number 636501. Partners: Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Germany (specifically Dr. Johannes for the psychology investigation); LIQUIFER Systems Group (LSG), Austria; Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy; University of Guelph, Canada; Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum fuer Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI), Germany; Enginsoft Spa (ES), Italy; Airbus Defense and Space, Germany; Thales Alenia Space Italia Spa, Italy; Aero Sekur S.p.A., Italy; Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (DLO), The Netherlands; Heliospectra AB, Sweden; Limerick Institute of Technology (LIT), Ireland; Telespazio SPA, Italy; University of Florida, USA; research group, Europe.

The Human Factors investigation was sponsored by DAAD and performed by Dr. Irene Schlacht in cooperation with the project coordinator, Daniel Schubert, and Prof. Harald Kolrep, head of the Faculty of Psychology at Berlin HMKW University of Applied Sciences for Media, Communication and Management.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Lia Schlacht
    • 1
    Email author
  • Harald Kolrep
    • 2
  • Schubert Daniel
    • 3
  • Giorgio Musso
    • 4
  1. 1.HMKW-DLRBerlinGermany
  2. 2.HMKWBerlinGermany
  3. 3.DLR, EDEN InitiativeBremenGermany
  4. 4.Thales Alenia SpaceTurinItaly

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