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What Is a Task?

  • Davood Gozli
Chapter

Abstract

There have been recent attempts by experimental psychologists to explicate the nature of an experimental task. This chapter reviews three such attempts, according to which a task is (1) a goal-directed schema, (2) a rule-based organization of stimulus–response events that shield the actors’ attention against distractors, and (3) a depersonalized goal. These approaches underscore the importance of goals and acknowledge how a task selectively renders parts of a situation visible for the agent performing a task. With reference to goal hierarchies, we can also think of a task in terms of a fixed set of superordinate goals, or from a fixed normative-descriptive perspective, which views actors as equivalent and replaceable. The description of the task can be applied to the activities of experimental psychologists, highlighting the subsequent outcomes, including depersonalized research projects, shields against “distractors,” including questions about societal relevance and theoretical synthesis.

Keywords

Philosophy of social science Experimental psychology Task Performance Behavior Definition Conceptual analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davood Gozli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MacauTaipaMacao

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