Deep Learning and Random Forest-Based Augmentation of sRNA Expression Profiles
The lack of well-structured annotations in a growing amount of RNA expression data complicates data interoperability and reusability. Commonly used text mining methods extract annotations from existing unstructured data descriptions and often provide inaccurate output that requires manual curation. Automatic data-based augmentation (generation of annotations on the base of expression data) can considerably improve the annotation quality and has not been well-studied. We formulate an automatic augmentation of small RNA-seq expression data as a classification problem and investigate deep learning (DL) and random forest (RF) approaches to solve it. We generate tissue and sex annotations from small RNA-seq expression data for tissues and cell lines of homo sapiens. We validate our approach on 4243 annotated small RNA-seq samples from the Small RNA Expression Atlas (SEA) database. The average prediction accuracy for tissue groups is 98% (DL), for tissues - 96.5% (DL), and for sex - 77% (DL). The “one dataset out” average accuracy for tissue group prediction is 83% (DL) and 59% (RF). On average, DL provides better results as compared to RF, and considerably improves classification performance for ‘unseen’ datasets.
KeywordsAugmentation Deep learning Random forest Ontology Small RNA Expression counts Contamination
The research was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), project Integrative Data Semantics for Neurodegenerative research (031L0029); by German Research Foundation (DFG), project Quantitative Synaptology (SFB 1286 Z2) and by Volkswagen Foundation.
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