Nae Ionescu, the Young Generation, ‘The Spiritual Itinerary’ and Education Abroad, 1927–1932
This chapter is devoted to the experiences of the key Criterionists in the 1920s and early 1930s. Bejan starts with a portrait of the most important intellectual influence on the Young Generation, Nae Ionescu. The chapter then introduces the most significant members of the Young Generation as well as how they knew each other. This chapter then presents an in-depth exposition of the material explored by Eliade in his manifesto for the Young Generation: ‘The Spiritual Itinerary’ (1927). As most of these figures pursued higher education abroad, Bejan examines Eliade’s doctoral research in Indian philosophy and yoga in Calcutta, Comarnescu’s doctoral studies in esthetic philosophy at the University of Southern California and Cioran’s philosophy studies in Berlin, where he became enamored of Hitler and Nazism.