Responsibility Caps from Strategy to Operations in Leadership and Management – Conceptual Model

  • Tero ReunanenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 961)


Major scale strategy transitions seems to fail in most cases. Former researches shows that there has been large amounts of efforts to develop and study strategy formulation, but strategy implementation has been left with minor interest. This article focuses to strategy implementation from obstacles perspective. Article binds obstacles, actions and phases in strategy implementation to one holistic concept and provides ground for future research. Approach is integrating leadership, management and time management matters to change management in strategy implementation. Article highlights the responsibilities of top and middle management.


Change management Strategy Implementation Obstacles Responsibility 



This research is partly funded by European Social Fund cofounded project called “Pisku – Pienikin iskussa”. Funder has not affected the research results by any other means than making it possible. Correspondent author, who partly had worked in project, wishes to express sincere thanks to ESF and all collaborators in that project.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Turku University of Applied SciencesTurkuFinland
  2. 2.University of VaasaVaasaFinland

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