Patents from the Age of Prussian Industrialization Revived

  • Ulf Döring
  • Torsten BrixEmail author
  • Benedikt Artelt
  • C. Brandt-Salloum
Conference paper
Part of the Mechanisms and Machine Science book series (Mechan. Machine Science, volume 73)


Technical documents such as historical patents are important cultural assets and part of our cultural and historical heritage. The Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz Berlin is an archive with thousands of historic Prussian patents from the 19th century. These are examples of the beginning of the German industrialization. The documents cover patent drawings and descriptions as well as comments from the patent examiners. This paper is about first common activities of the Berlin state archive and the Technische Universität Ilmenau to make the documents available to a broad public. Aside from the digital reproduction and presentation of texts and images the activities focus on remodeling the technical devices and animation of models with WebGL in web browsers. In the created interactive animations different functional and constructive aspects can be explained to the viewers. The original content as well as the derived content like videos and interactive animations is finally made available in the open access portal Digital Mechanism and Gear Library ( This paper describes the used work-flow and experiences showing selected examples.


History of MMS Historical patents Knowledge preservation CAD Interactive animation WebGL 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



All authors thank the Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz Berlin for the financial support of this work.


  1. 1.
    Website of the Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz Berlin:, last accessed 2019/03/10.
  2. 2.
    Ulf Döring, Christiane Brandt-Salloum, Veit Henkel, Torsten Brix: Animation of Historical Patents, in Proceedings of the EUCOMES 2014, Guimarães, Portugal, 16-19 September 2014, pp. 913-920, ISBN 978-3-319-09410-6.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Website of the Digital Mechanism and Gear Library:, last accessed 2019/03/10.
  4. 4.
    Ilja Mieck: Preussische Gewerbepolitik in Berlin 1806 – 1844, Historische Kommission Berlin (1965).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peters, H.: Fotodokumentation zur Restaurierung der Zeichnungen auf Transparentpapier, Geh. Staatsarchiv PK (2013).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz: Klosterstrasse 36 - Zu den Anfängen Preußens als Industriestaat (2014). ISBN 978-3-923579-19-8.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Döring, U.: Introduction video for the interactive animation of Gauls door lock. (2014). Available via DMG-Lib., last accessed 2019/03/10.
  8. 8.
    Siemens, Werner and Siemens, Wilhelm: Siemens’ Differenz-Regulator für Dampfmaschinen und Wasserwerke. In Polytechnisches Journal, edited by Johann Gottfried Dingler, Band 98, Nr. XX, pp. 81–89 (1845). Available via Dingler-Online:, last accessed 2019/03/10.
  9. 9.
    Website with online access to the media station designed for the exhibition “Klosterstraße 36: Sammeln, Ausstellen, Patentieren – Zu den Anfängen Preußens als Industriestaat”:, last accessed 2019/03/10.
  10. 10.
    Website with online access to the work results:, last accessed 2019/03/10.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulf Döring
    • 1
  • Torsten Brix
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benedikt Artelt
    • 1
  • C. Brandt-Salloum
    • 2
  1. 1.Technische Universität IlmenauIlmenauGermany
  2. 2.Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz BerlinBerlin (Dahlem)Germany

Personalised recommendations