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Etiology of Gingival Recessions

  • Khadija Amine
  • Wafa El Kholti
  • Jamila Kissa
Chapter

Abstract

According to a systematic review conducted by Zweers et al. [1], three gingival biotypes can be clinically distinguished: Normal, thin scalloped, and thick flat according to the differences in the shape, position, and thickness of the marginal periodontal tissues [2]. The authors reported that the dental, gingival, and bony dimensions represent a weak to moderate association. Uniform positive associations were found only between gingival thickness, keratinized tissue, and bone morphotype. Hence, the thin gingival biotype is characterized by a scalloped gingival outline, relatively thin with a narrow band of keratinized tissue. It confirms the finding of the in vivo study by Cook et al. [3] who found that thin gingival biotype was associated with narrow band of keratinized tissue, thin underlying buccal bone, and a big distance from cementoenamel junction to the bone crest (Figs. 2.1 and 2.2).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khadija Amine
    • 1
  • Wafa El Kholti
    • 1
  • Jamila Kissa
    • 1
  1. 1.Periodontics DepartmentUniversity of Hassan IICasablancaMorocco

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