Advertisement

The International Criminal Court and the Peace Process in Côte d’Ivoire

  • Linus Nnabuike Malu
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Compromise after Conflict book series (PSCAC)

Abstract

The armed conflict of 2002/2003 in Côte d’Ivoire led to the partitioning of the country between government forces that controlled the South and Forces Nouvelles (FN), the rebel group that controlled the North. Also, in 2010/2011 a post-election violence (PEV) erupted between the supporters of Laurent Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara. This chapter examines the political situation in Côte d’Ivoire between 2002 and 2011 and the efforts to resolve the conflicts, particularly the influence of the ICC’s prosecutions on the peace process in the country. It relies on an analysis of data collected from fieldwork in 2014 and 2015 on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and on a literature review. The chapter examines the impact of the ICC on the peace process in Côte d’Ivoire through the four analytical themes that were framed in Chapter  1 as core research questions of the study. It argues that after several years of conflict, the prosecution of some political leaders in Côte d’Ivoire by the ICC has brought international justice closer to the country, which signifies that, to an extent, the era of impunity and lawlessness may be over.

Keywords

Côte d’Ivoire Laurent Gbagbo Alassane Ouattara Post-election violence ICC Peace process Reconciliation Accountability 

References

  1. Akhavan, Payam. 2001. “Beyond Impunity: Can International Criminal Justice Prevent Future Atrocities?” The American Journal of International Law 95.7: 7–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al Jazeera. 2014. “Ivory Coast Struggles with Reconciliation”. Al Jazeera, August 10. Accessed February 20, 2015. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa.
  3. BBC News. 2015. “Ivory Coast’s Former First Lady Simone Gbagbo Jailed”. British Broadcasting Corporation, March 10. Accessed February 1, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-31809073.
  4. BBC News. 2018. “Ivory Coast Ex-first Lady Simone Gbagbo Granted Amnesty”. British Broadcasting Corporation, August 7. Accessed January 2, 2019. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-45095830.
  5. Chepsoi, Timothy. 2011. “Can the ICC Prosecutions Stem Election Violence”. Accessed February 2, 2015. http://www.iwpr.net/global-voices/can-icc-prosecutions-stem-electoral-violence.
  6. Cohen, Herman. 2015. “It Is Time for Côte d’Ivoire and the ICC to End the Nation’s Cycle of Revenge and Retribution, Amnesty Simone Gbagbo and Indict Blaise Compaoré”. Accessed February 3, 2015. http://africanarguments.org/.
  7. Cook, Nicholas. 2011. “Côte d’Ivoire’s Post-election Crisis”. Congressional Research Service. Accessed February 28, 2015. http://www.fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/156548.pdf.
  8. Dadson, Eunice. 2008. “Examining the Role of Third-Party Mediation in Côte d’Ivoire’s Conflict: Peacemakers or Spoilers?” Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre Paper No. 24, 2008. Accessed February 23, 2015. http://www.kaiptc.org/Publications/Occasional.
  9. Human Rights Watch. 2011. “They Killed Like It Was Nothing: The Need for Justice for Côte d’Ivoire Post-election Crimes”. Human Rights Watch Report. Accessed October 5, 2011. https://www.hrw.org/report/2011/10/05/they-killed-them-it-was-nothing/need-justice-cote-divoires-post-election-crimes.
  10. Human Rights Watch. 2015. “Making Justice Count: Lessons from the ICC Work in Côte d’Ivoire”. Human Rights Watch Report. Accessed September 21, 2015. https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/08/04/making-justice-count/lessons-iccs-workcote-divoire.
  11. International Centre for Transitional Justice. 2016. “War Crimes Trial for Gbagbo’s Wife Slated for May 31 in Abidjan”. International Centre for Transitional Justice Briefing. Accessed March 13, 2016. https://www.ictj.org/news/war-crimes-trialgbagbos-wife-slated-may-31-abidjan.
  12. IRIN. 2012. “Analysis: Côte d’Ivoire Needs Top Down Reconciliation”. IRIN, December 20. Accessed February 28, 2015. http://www.irinnews.org/analysis/2012/12/20/côte-divoire-needs-top-down-reconciliation.
  13. Kofi, Christopher. 2014. “Côte d’Ivoire Reconciliation at Dead End”. Accessed February 26, 2015. http://mg.co.za/article.
  14. Mindaoudou, Aïchatou. 2016. “Press Briefing on the Situation in Côte d’Ivoire”. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Côte d’Ivoire, January 13. Accessed February 20, 2016. http://ww.onuci.org/spip.php?article133426.
  15. Moffett, Luke. 2014. Victims Before the International Criminal Court. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Oussou, Kouame Remi. 2015. “Reconciliation in Côte d’Ivoire: Mission Impossible?” Accessed February 28, 2015. https://reliefweb.int/report/c-te-divoire/reconciliation-cote-d-ivoire-mission-impossible.
  17. Owusu-Sekyere, Benard. 2009. “Towards a Sustainable Reconciliation in Côte d’Ivoire”. Accessed February 22, 2019. http://www.operationspaix.net/DATA/DOCUMENT/5131~v~Towards_a_Sustainable_Peace_and_Reconciliation_in_Cote_d__8217Ivoire.pdf.
  18. Tolbert, David. 2015. “Doing Right by Victims in Côte d’Ivoire: Qattara’s Second Term”. The Huffington Post, November 11. Accessed November 24, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-tolbert/doing-right-by-victims.
  19. Wells, Matt. 2013. “Political Leaders Stall Needed Reconciliation in Côte d’Ivoire”. Accessed February 26, 2015. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/matt-wells/political-leaders-stall-n_b_3677143.html.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linus Nnabuike Malu
    • 1
  1. 1.International Law ConsultantArmidaleAustralia

Personalised recommendations