The International Criminal Court and the Peace Process in Uganda
The conflict in Northern Uganda between the Government of Uganda (GoU) and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) started in 1986. The conflict was subsequently referred by the GoU to the ICC in December 2003. This chapter examines this conflict, the various peace efforts made in managing it and the involvement of the ICC in the conflict. The focus of the chapter is on the nexus between the ICC’s involvement and the peace process in the country. Hence, the central issue examined is whether the ICC is facilitating the peace process or stalling/complicating it or having little or no impacts on it. The conclusions are that the ICC is contributing to the peace process in the country by promoting accountability to the law and by contributing to deterrence through its actions and activities in Uganda. The study also found that the ICC is not making much positive impact on reconciliation, because the problems that led to the conflict are deep-rooted and linked to the political and economic development of the country, and needed to be tackled from many perspectives. The impact of the ICC’s involvement on victims’ rights is deemed too minimal to have any significant influence on the peace process in the country.
KeywordsLord’s Resistance Army Government of Uganda Northern Uganda ICC Traditional justice mechanism Amnesty programme in Uganda Juba Peace Talk
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