An Overview of Effective Concentration of Industrial Effluent for Improving Crop Production and Its Effect on Micro-Biodiversity Zone of Soil

  • Sangeeta
  • Gita Rani
  • Rani Devi


Soil and water are integral parts of the ecosystem. These are used as resources for agriculture. In recent years, most of the water and soil have become polluted by sewage, industrial waste/effluents, and a wide range of synthetic chemicals. Our planet Earth is now overburdened with the toxic substances. Industrialization has been proven as a significant milestone in the development of human civilization. But, at the same time, it has loaded the Earth with industrial wastes including toxic solids, liquids, and gaseous discharges. With the mushrooming growth pattern of industries, all important components of ecosystems particularly soil, water, air, vegetation, and all others are being affected adversely. Management of these natural resources is very important for sustainable development of living beings on Earth. Industrializations are not only land area intensive but also lead to other serious environmental humiliation (Azumi DS, Bichi MH, J Appl Sci Environ Sanit 5:23–29, 2010). Now the challenge before us in this present scenario is the careful disposal of effluent so that adverse impact on soil fertility, plant growth, and health of animals and human beings may be reduced. Thus, there is an urgent need to have innovative strategies for wiser management of effluents and land resources for its optimum and appropriate utilization. In the present study, efforts have been made for handling sugar industry along with use of its effluent for improving wheat crop and production.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangeeta
    • 1
  • Gita Rani
    • 2
  • Rani Devi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Energy and Environmental SciencesChaudhary Devi Lal UniversitySirsaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryChaudhary Devi Lal UniversitySirsaIndia

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