Advertisement

Introduction

  • Zef M. Segal
Chapter

Abstract

The introduction lays out the broad relevant contexts of the story told in the chapters—historical, regional, and theoretical—and states the major arguments of the book. It surveys the historiography of German division and of German mobilities and delineates The Political Fragmentation of Germany’s contribution to them. It gives a short presentation of Bavaria, Saxony, Hanover, Württemberg, and Baden, and their history and discusses the theories of state, nation, territory, and mobility as applied in the book. Finally, it introduces the thematic order of parts and chapters, which follows the trialectics of space, as defined by Henri Lefebvre and further developed by Edward Soja.

References

  1. Anderson, Barbara C. 1991a. “State-Building and Bureaucracy in Early-Nineteenth-Century Nassau.” Central European History 24: 222–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, Benedict. 1991b. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. Applegate, Celia. 1990. A Nation of Provincials: The German Idea of Heimat. Berkley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Arensberg, Gad. 1986. “Iyunim Be-Reshit Ha-Mahapecha Ha-Demokratit Be-Germaniya: Ha-Kesher Ha-Tsva’I-Ezrachi Be-Württemberg, 1831–1833.” PhD. diss., Tel-Aviv University.Google Scholar
  5. Ashton, Bodie A. 2017. The Kingdom of Württemberg and the Making of Germany, 1815–1871. London: Blumsbury.Google Scholar
  6. Berding, Helmut. 1985. “Staatliche Identität, Nationale Integration und Politischer Regionalismus.” Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte 121: 371–393.Google Scholar
  7. Blackbourn, David. 1980. Class, Religion, and Local Politics in Wilhelmine Germany: The Centre Party in Württemberg Before 1914. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Blessing, Werner K. 2011. Staat und Kirche in der Gesellschaft: institutionelle Autorität und mentaler Wandel in Bayern während des 19. Jahrhunderts. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  9. Breuilly, John, ed. 1992. The State of Germany: The National Idea in the Making, Unmaking, and Remaking of a Modern Nation-State. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  10. Breuilly, John. 1996. The Formation of the First German Nation State, 1800–1871. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Burton, John W. 1972. World Society. Cambridge: University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Chapman, Tim. 1998. The Congress of Vienna: Origins, Processes and Results. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Confino, Alon. 1997. The Nation as a Local Metaphor: Württemberg, Imperial Germany, and National Memory, 1871–1918. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  15. Crampton, Jeremy, and John Krygier. 2005. “An Introduction to Critical Cartography.” ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies 4 (1): 11–33.Google Scholar
  16. Crane, Susan A. 2000. Collecting and Historical Consciousness in Early 19th Century Germany. New York: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Cresswell, Tim. 2012. On the Move: Mobility in the Modern Western World. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Deutsch, Karl W. 1953. Nationalism and Social Communication: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Nationality. Cambridge: Technology Press of MIT.Google Scholar
  19. Deutsch, Karl W. 1966. Nationalism and Social Communication: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Nationality. Cambridge, MA: MIT.Google Scholar
  20. Deutsch, Karl W. 1969. Nationalism and Its Alternatives. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  21. Dunlop, Catherine Tatiana. 2016. Cartophilia: Maps and the Search for Identity in the French-German Borderland. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  22. Ehala, Martin. 2014. “Formation of Territorial Collective Identities: Turning History into Emotion.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 35 (1): 96–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Flockerzie, Lawrence J. 1990. “Saxony, Austria, and the German Question After the Congress of Vienna, 1815–1816.” International History Review 12 (4): 661–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Flockerzie, Lawrence J. 1991. “State-Building and Nation-Building in the ‘Third Germany’: Saxony After the Congress of Vienna.” Central European History 24: 268–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Foucault, Michel. 1986. “Of Other Spaces, Heterotopias.” Diacritics 16: 22–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gall, Lothar. 1968. Der Liberalismus als regierende Partei: das Grossherzogtum Baden zwischen Restauration und Reichsgründung. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner.Google Scholar
  27. Gast, Georg. 1968. “Der preußische Partikularismus und sein Zollverein.” FinanzArchiv/Public Finance Analysis 27 (1): 291–317.Google Scholar
  28. Götz von Olenhusen, Irmtraud. 1994. Klerus und abweichendes Verhalten: zur Sozialgeschichte katholischer Priester im 19. Jahrhundert: die Erzdiözese Freiburg. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  29. Gray, Marion W. 1991. “‘Modifying the Traditional for the Good of the Whole’: Commentary on State-Building and Bureaucracy in Nassau, Baden, and Saxony in the Early Nineteenth Century.” Central European History 24: 293–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Green, Abigail. 2001. Fatherlands: State-Building and Nationhood in Nineteenth-Century Germany. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Green, Abigail. 2003. “The Federal Alternative? A New View of Modern German History.” The Historical Journal 46 (1): 187–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gregory, Ian N., and Paul S. Ell. 2007. Historical GIS: Technologies, Methodologies and Scholarship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gunlicks, Arthur. 2003. The Länder and German Federalism. Manchester: Manchester University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hahn, Hans-Werner. 1982. Wirtschaftliche Integration im 19. Jahrhundert: die hessischen Staaten und der Deutsche Zollverein. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  35. Hanisch, Manfred. 1991. Für Fürst und Vaterland. Legitimätsstiftung in Bayern zwischen Revolution 1848 und Deutscher Einheit. Munich: R. Oldenburg Verlag.Google Scholar
  36. Hansen, Jason D. 2015. Mapping the Germans Statistical Science, Cartography, and the Visualization of the German Nation, 1848–1914. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Harley, John B. 1989. “Deconstructing the Map.” Cartographica 26: 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Herb, Guntram Henrik. 2014. Under the Map of Germany: Nationalism and Propaganda, 1918–1945. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Herzog, Dagmar. 1996. Intimacy and Exclusion: Religious Politics in Pre-revolutionary Baden. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hope, Nicholas M. 1973. The Alternative to German Unification: The Anti-Prussian Party: Frankfurt, Nassau, and the Two Hessen, 1859–1867. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner.Google Scholar
  41. John, Michael. 1997. “National and Regional Identities and the Dilemmas of Reform in Britain’s Other Province: Hanover, c. 1800–c. 1850.” In A Union of Multiple Identities: The British Isles, c. 1750–c. 1850, 179–192, here 182, eds. Laurence W.B. Brockliss and David Eastwood. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Karl, Josef C. 2008. “Bavaria Is Germany, Isn’t It? The Case of the German Land Bavaria: A Historical and Political Approach.” Revista internacional de los estudios vascos 3: 119–141.Google Scholar
  43. Koziol, Klaus. 1987. Badener und Württemberger: zwei ungleiche Brüder. Stuttgart: K. Theiss.Google Scholar
  44. Kramer, Ferdinand. 2002. “Bavaria: Reform and Staatsintegration.” German History 20 (3): 354–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lee, Loyd E. 1980. The Politics of Harmony: Civil Service, Liberalism, and Social Reform in Baden, 1800–1850. Newark: University of Delaware Press.Google Scholar
  46. Lee, Loyd E. 1991. “Baden Between Revolutions: State-Building and Citizenship, 1800–1848.” Central European History 24: 248–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Lefebvre, Henri. 1991. The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  48. Mayr, Norbert A. 1988. “Particularism in Bavaria: State Policy and Public Sentiment, 1806–1906.” PhD. diss., University of North Carolina.Google Scholar
  49. Na’aman, Shlomo. 1987. Der Deutsche Nationalverein: die politische Konstituierung des deutschen Bürgertums 1859–1867. Düsseldorf: Droste.Google Scholar
  50. Neeman, Andreas. 2000. “Models of Political Participation in the Beust Era: The State, the Saxon Landtag, and the Public Sphere, 1849–1864.” In Saxony in German History: Culture, Society, and Politics, 1830–1933, ed. James N. Retallack, 119–134. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  51. Nolte, Paul. 1994. Gemeindebürgertum und Liberalismus in Baden, 1800–1850: Tradition, Radikalismus, Republik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Paasi, Anssi. 1986. “The Institutionalisation of Regions: A Theoretical Framework for Understanding the Emergence of Regions and the Constitution of Regional Identity.” Fennia 164 (1): 105–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Prytherch, David L. 2010. “‘Vertebrating’ the Region as Networked Space of Flows: Learning from the Spatial Grammar of Catalanist Territoriality.” Environment and Planning 42 (7): 1537–1554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Retallack, James N. 2000a. “Introduction: Locating Saxony in the Landscape of German Regional History.” In Saxony in German History: Culture, Society, and Politics, 1830–1933, ed. James N. Retallack, 1–32. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  55. Retallack, James N., ed. 2000b. Saxony in German History: Culture, Society, and Politics, 1830–1933. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  56. Riotte, Torsten. 2005. Hannover in der britischen Politik (1792–1815): Dynastische Verbindung als Element außenpolitischer Entscheidungsprozesse. Münster: Lit.Google Scholar
  57. Sahrmann, Adam. 1921. Pfalz oder Salzburg. Geschichte des territorialen Ausgleichs zwischen Bayern und Österreich von 1813 bis 1819. Munich: R. Oldenburg.Google Scholar
  58. Selgert, Felix. 2018. Baden and the Modern State: The Implementation of Administrative and Legal Reforms in the German State of Baden During the 19th Century. Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenburg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Schiller, Friedch, and Johann Wolfgang Goethe. 1893. Xenien 1796, eds. Erich Schmidt and Bernhard Suphan. Weimar: Verlag der Goethe Gesselschaft.Google Scholar
  60. Schmidt, Gerhard. 1966. Die Staatsreform in Sachsen in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts eine Parallele zu den Steinschen Reformen in Preußen. Weimar: Böhlau.Google Scholar
  61. Schmitt, Hans A. 1975. “Prussia’s Last Fling: The Annexation of Hanover, Hesse, Frankfurt, and Nassau, June 15–October 8, 1866.” Central European History 8 (4): 316–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Schmitt, Hans A. 1983. “Germany Without Prussia: A Closer Look at the Confederation of the Rhine.” German Studies Review 6 (1): 9–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Schmitt, Hans A. 1985. “From Sovereign States to Prussian Provinces: Hanover and Hesse-Nassau, 1866–1871.” Journal of Modern History 57 (1): 24–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Schulte, Aloys, and Eduard Schulte. 1934. “Der Plan der Eingliederung von Ostfriesland, Emsland und Osnabrück in die Provinz Westfalen.” Der Raum Westfalen 2 (2): 165–196.Google Scholar
  65. Schultz, Hans-Dietrich. 2003. “Imagining Mitteleuropa: Conceptualisations of ‘Its’ Space in and Outside German Geography.” European Review of History 10 (2): 273–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sheehan, James J. 1981. “What Is German History? Reflections on the Role of the Nation in German History and Historiography.” The Journal of Modern History 53 (1): 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sheehan, James J. 1989. German History, 1770–1866. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Sheller, Mimi, and John Urry. 2006. “The New Mobilities Paradigm.” Environment and Planning A 38: 207–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Shields, Rob. 2016. Places on the Margin: Alternative Geographies of Modernity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  70. Smith, Logan P. 1917. Trivia. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  71. Soja, Edward W. 1996. Thirdspace. Cambridge: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  72. Sperber, Jonathan. 1991. Rhineland Radicals: The Democratic Movement and the Revolution of 1848–1849. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  73. Stehlin, Stewart A. 1973. Bismarck and the Guelph Problem, 1866–1890: A Study in Particularist Opposition to National Unity. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Stuchtey, Benedikt. 1997. “Apologias for the Nation-State: Historiography and Nation-Building in Italy, France and Germany Since 1800: Conference at the University of Wales, Cardiff, 9–11 April 1996.” German History 15 (1): 92–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Urry, John. 1999. Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities Twenty First Century. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  76. Vann, James Allen. 1984. The Making of a State: Württemberg, 1593–1793. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  77. Vick, Brian. 2002. Defining Germany: The 1848 Frankfurt Parliamentarians and National Identity. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  78. Vierordt, Karl F. 1856. Geschichte der evangelischen Kirche in dem Großherzogthum Baden. Vom Jahr 1571 bis zu der jetzigen Zeit. Vol. 2. Karlsruhe: G. Braun.Google Scholar
  79. Wagner, Helmut. 1991. “Die innerdeutschen Grenzen.” In Deutschlands Grenzen in der Geschichte, ed. Alexander Demandt, 235–276. Munich: C.H. Beck.Google Scholar
  80. Walker, Mack. 1971. German Home Towns: Community, State, and General Estate, 1648–1871, 1971. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  81. Wehling, Hans G. 1993. “The Significance of Regional Variations: The Case of Baden-Württemberg.” In Political Culture in Germany, eds. Dirk Berg-Schlosser and Ralf Rytlewski, 91–100. New York: St. Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Wenzlhuemer, Roland. 2013. Connecting the Nineteenth-Century World: The Telegraph and Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  83. White, Dan S. 1976. The Splintered Party: National Liberalism in Hessen and the Reich, 1867–1918. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Wood, Denis. 1992. The Power of Maps. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zef M. Segal
    • 1
  1. 1.Open University of IsraelRa’ananaIsrael

Personalised recommendations