Advertisement

Contemporary Configuration of Crime Across Nigerian Cities

  • Adegbola OjoEmail author
  • Oluwole Ojewale
Chapter

Abstract

The occurrence of urban crime is not distributed evenly over space and time. An understanding of the geographical and chronological configuration of crime can help to guide the dispersal of law enforcement resources. Nigeria presently lacks a comprehensive, coherent and up-to-date data infrastructure to monitor urban crime patterns and trends and to relay the resulting information to law enforcement agencies, researchers, policymakers and the public. Using recently collected data, this chapter discusses the geo-temporal structure of crime in urban Nigeria using a series of reliable crime metrics. The metrics allow for the analysis of the fear of crime, spatial density of repeat victimisations, the pervasiveness and disproportionate clustering of criminal events. Using settlement hierarchies, the chapter also discusses temporal fluctuations of urban crime risk in Nigeria.

References

  1. Adedibu, A. A., & Abodunrin, F. O. (2005). Intra-Urban Variations in Crime Occurrence: Case of Ogbomoso, Oyo State. Journal of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, 17(1), 31–48.Google Scholar
  2. Adigun, F. O. (2013). Residential Differentials in Incidence and Fear of Crime Perception in Ibadan. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(10), 96–104.Google Scholar
  3. Afon, A. O. (2001). Resident Diversity Factor in the Perception of and Response to Fear of Crime in Nigeria. Paper Presented at the International Conference on Security, Segregation and Social Networks in West Africa Cities 19th–20th Centuries, Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan.Google Scholar
  4. Afrobarometer. (2016). Afrobarometer. Capetown: University of Capetown.Google Scholar
  5. Agbola, T. (1997). Architecture of Fear, Urban Design and Construction Response to Urban Violence in Lagos, Nigeria. Ibadan: French Institute for Research in Africa.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Agbola, T. (2002). Urban Violence, Urban Security and the Challenges of Governance. The Evolving Disturbing Scenario from Abuja Nigeria. Paper Presented at the 33rd Annual Conference of Nigeria Institute of Town Planners, Ilorin, pp. 61–82.Google Scholar
  7. Aguda, A. S. (1994). Area Ecological Analysis of Crime. A Case Study of a Nigerian City. In I. O. Albert, J. Adisa, T. Agbola, & G. Herault (Eds.), Urban Management and Urban Violence in Africa. Ibadan: French Institute for Research in Africa.Google Scholar
  8. Ahmed, A. (2012). The Pattern and Distribution of Crime Incidence in an Urban Environment: A Case Study of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(5), 178–188.Google Scholar
  9. Alemika, E. E. O. (2004). Crime Statistics and Information Management in Nigerian Justice and Security Systems. In E. E. O. Alemika & I. C. Chukwuma (Eds.), Crime and Policing in Nigeria: Challenges and Opportunities. Lagos: CLEEN Foundation.Google Scholar
  10. Alemika, E. E. O. (2011). Police Internal Control Systems in West Africa: An Introduction. In E. E. O. Alemika & I. C. Chukwuma (Eds.), Police Internal Control Systems in West Africa. Abuja: CLEEN Foundation.Google Scholar
  11. Alemika, E. E. O. (2013). Criminal Victimisation, Policing and Governance in Nigeria. Abuja: CLEEN Foundation.Google Scholar
  12. Ayotunde, T., Omisakin, O. A., & Ehindero, S. A. (2014). Influence of Women’s Attitude on the Perpetration of Gender-Based Domestic Violence in Nigeria. Gender and Behaviour, 12(2), 6420–6429.Google Scholar
  13. Ayoyo, D. D. (2013). Fear of Crime and Coping Strategies: Implications for Bank Safety and Customers Patronage in Ikare, Southwest Nigeria. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 12(1), 52–68.Google Scholar
  14. Coleman, C., & Moynihan, J. (1996). Understanding Crime Data: Haunted by the Dark Figure. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Ditton, J., & Farrall, S. (Eds.). (2000). The Fear of Crime. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  16. Eck, J. E., & Spelman, W. (1987). Problem Oriented Policing. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  17. Ellis, S. (2016). This Present Darkness: A History of Nigerian Organised Crime. London: C Hurst & Co Publishers.Google Scholar
  18. Eru, K. G. (2012). Ban of Motorcycles in Lagos: Pros and Cons. Connect Nigeria. Retrieved November 30, 2018, from https://www.connectnigeria.com/articles/2012/10/ban-of-motorcycles-in-lagos-pros-and-cons/.
  19. Jewkes, R. (2002). Intimate Partner Violence: Causes and Prevention. The Lancet, 359(9315), 1423–1429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Krohn, M. D., Terrence, P. T., Chris, L. G., & Baldwin, J. M. (2010). The Development and Impact of Self-Report Measures of Crime and Delinquency. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 26(4), 509–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Marc-Antoine, M. (Ed.). (2016). Violence in Nigeria: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. Leiden: African Studies Centre.Google Scholar
  22. Martin, D. (2002). Spatial Patterns in Residential Burglary: Assessing the Effect of Neighbourhood Social Capital. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 18(2), 132–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Meier, R. F., & Geis, G. (1997). Victimless Crime? Prostitution, Drugs, Homosexuality, Abortion. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  24. Muncie, J., McLaughlin, E., & Langan, M. (1996). Criminological Perspectives: A Reader. London: Sage/Open University.Google Scholar
  25. Ogunyemi, B. (2000). Knowledge and Perception of Child Sexual Abuse in Urban Nigeria: Some Evidence from a Community-Based Project. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 4(2), 44–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Oredein, S. A. (2006). An Assessment of Residents Response to Crime in Abuja FCT. Unpublished B.Tech Dissertation, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso.Google Scholar
  27. Palermo, T., Bleck, J., & Peterman, A. (2014). Tip of the Iceberg: Reporting and Gender-Based Violence in Developing Countries. American Journal of Epidemiology, 179(5), 602–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pérouse de Montclos, M. (2016). Arguments for a Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Violence in Nigeria. In M. Marc-Antoine (Ed.), Violence in Nigeria: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. Leiden: African Studies Centre.Google Scholar
  29. Portnov, B. A., & Rattner, A. (2003). Spatial Patterns of Crime in Israel: Investigating the Effects of Inter-Urban Inequality and Proximity. 43rd European Congress of the Regional Science Association, Jyvaskyla, Finland, August 2003.Google Scholar
  30. Raphael, J., & Tolman, R. M. (1997). Trapped by Poverty: Trapped by Abuse: New Evidence Documenting the Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Welfare. Report by the Project for Research on Welfare, Work and Domestic Violence, University of Michigan. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from http://www.ssw.umich.edu/trapped/pubs_trapped.pdf.
  31. Ratcliffe, J. (2008). Intelligence-Led Policing. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.Google Scholar
  32. Shaw, C. R., & McKay, H. D. (1942). Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  33. UN-Habitat. (2007). Enhancing Urban Safety and Security. Global Report on Human Settlements 2007. London and Sterling, VA: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  34. UNODC. (2009). Nigeria: Business Survey on Crime and Corruption. New York: United Nation Office on Drug and Crime.Google Scholar
  35. Van Dijk, J., van Kesteren, J., & Smit, P. (2007). Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key Findings from the 2004–2005 ICVS and EU ICS. The Hague: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.Google Scholar
  36. Warr, M. (2000). Fear of Crime in the United States: Avenue for Research and Policy. In D. Duffee (Ed.), Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  37. Wilcox, P., Land, K. C., & Hunt, S. A. (2003). Criminal Circumstance. New York: Aldine dee Gruyter.Google Scholar
  38. World Bank. (2010). Violence in the City: Understanding and Supporting Community Responses to Urban Violence. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeographyUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK
  2. 2.CLEEN FoundationAbujaNigeria

Personalised recommendations