The Criminal Justice System: Actors, Processes and Policies
An effective criminal justice system is fundamental to democratic governance and the rule of law. Criminal justice, because it addresses behavioural issues, must be dynamic, proactive and culturally relevant. Therefore, there is the need for an active collaboration of all organs of government in order to formulate coherent policies and interventions. The Nigerian criminal justice system is confronted by challenges that manifest at almost every stage of the criminal justice cycle. This chapter traces the colonial history of the Nigerian criminal justice system to contemporary times. This is followed by a triangulation of the roles of key players in the criminal justice system. The chapter also provides a robust explanation of the factors that continue to weaken judicial institutions in the country together with implications for public safety within urban centres.
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