Heart failure (HF) is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world and commonly confounds surgery of all types. Preoperative identification of previously undiagnosed HF or decompensated HF can allow for stabilization prior to surgery or highlight the need for cardiology referral if HF is severe, the patient remains refractory to therapy, or surgery is urgent. Perioperative management should be performed with standard medical therapy of HF, with close attention paid to the volume of fluid infused during surgery and the patient’s postoperative volume status.
KeywordsCongestive heart failure CHF Heart failure HF Preoperative Perioperative
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