Chronic Pain

  • Katherin PeperzakEmail author
  • Preetma Kooner


Patients with chronic pain are at risk for difficult to control postoperative pain. Preoperative evaluation with an emphasis on expectation management is key. In addition, a multimodal approach should be used throughout the patient’s perioperative course including opioid and non-opioid systemic pharmacotherapy, procedural interventions such as local infiltration, peripheral nerve block, and neuraxial blockade, as well as cognitive and physical nonpharmacologic modalities.


Chronic pain Preoperative Perioperative Multimodal analgesia 



Dr. Christina Bockman, PharmD, Pharmacist, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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