Advertisement

The High Tech Eden

  • Jean-Hervé LorenziEmail author
  • Mickaël Berrebi
Chapter

Abstract

We will take four so-called disruptive technologies, which represent profound changes in the value systems we live by and most importantly, give rise to insane prophetic statements about how the world will be. We want to use these examples to demonstrate the important nature of these innovations and the risks posed by the hazardous and false predictions they can elicit. None of these technologies alone can explain the terrific dilemma confronting us today, but each of them illustrates the economic and philosophical arguments that we must tackle. The four values which we believe are fundamental to the coherence, and acceptability of our democratic societies will be transformed by the arrival of these four technologies. Their sole purpose here is to illustrate the profound upheaval our societies will be confronted with in the next twenty years. Technology is never neutral.

References

  1. Adriano, A., & Monroe, H. (2016). The Internet of Trust, in Finance & Development. Available via https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2016/06/adriano.htm.
  2. Albaret, I., & Padis, M. O. (2006). Interview with Henri Atlan “La recherche scientifique face à la réflexion éthique” [Scientific Research Versus Ethical Thinking]. Esprit (Supplement) Paris. Quote here translated by D. Leifer. Available via https://esprit.presse.fr/actualites/marc-olivier-padis-et-propos-recueillis-par-isabelle-albaret/la-recherche-scientifique-face-a-la-reflexion-ethique-39894.
  3. Alexandre, L. (2011). La Mort de la mort – Comment la technomédicine va bouleverser l’humanité [The Death of Death—How Techno-Medicine Will Disrupt Humanity]. Paris: Jean-Claude Lattès.Google Scholar
  4. Arendt, H. (1958). The Human Condition (2nd ed.). Intro Margaret Canovan (1998). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Aristotle. (1981). The Politics, 1, II. (T. A. Sinclair, Trans.). Revised T. J. Saunders. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  6. Barrdear, J., & Kumhof, M. (2016). The Macroeconomics of Central Bank Issued Digital Currencies (Bank of England Staff Working Paper No. 605). Available at https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/working-paper/2016/the-macroeconomics-of-central-bank-issued-digital-currencies.pdf?la=en&hash=341B602838707E5D6FC26884588C912A721B1DC1.
  7. De La Boétie, E. (1576). The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude (H. Kurz, Trans., 1975). Auburn, AL: The Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  8. Dupuy, J. P. (2004). Pour un catastrophisme éclairé, Seuil, coll. Paris: Points Essais.Google Scholar
  9. Dupuy, J. P. (2007). D’Ivan Illich aux nanotechnologies. Prevenir la catastrophe? (Interview). Paris: Esprit. Available via https://esprit.presse.fr/article/jean-pierre-dupuy/d-ivan-illich-aux-nanotechnologies-prevenir-la-catastrophe-entretien-13958.
  10. EMC and IDC. (2014). The Digital Universe of Opportunities: Rich Data & the Increasing Value of the Internet of Things. Available via https://www.emc.com/collateral/analyst-reports/idc-digital-universe-2014.pdf.
  11. Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  12. Genesis, Chapter 11, Verse 6. In C. H. Hertz (Ed.), The Pentateuch and Haftarahs (2nd ed.) (1960). London: Soncino Press.Google Scholar
  13. Giancarlo, C. J. (2016). Keynote Address of CFTC Before the Cato Institute: Cryptocurrency: The Policy Challenges of a Decentralized Revolution. Available via https://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/SpeechesTestimony/opagiancarlo-14.
  14. Giddens, A. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity. Oxford: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  15. Global Future 2045. (2013). Mission. Available via http://gf2045.com/.
  16. Institut G9+. (2013). Les nouveaux eldorados de l’économie connectée [The New Eldorados of the Connected Economy]. Available via https://www.g9plus.org/publications/3-livre-blanc-les-nouveaux-eldorados-de-l-economie-connectee.
  17. Institut Montaigne. (2015). Big Data and the Internet of Things: Making France a Leader in the Digital Revolution. Available via https://www.institutmontaigne.org/en/publications/big-data-and-internet-things.
  18. Lamport, L., Shostak, R., & Pease, M. (1982). The Byzantine Generals Problem. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 4(3), 382–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Locke, J, (1676). Essays on the Law of Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2002).Google Scholar
  20. Luhmann, N. (2017). Trust and Power (H. Davis, J. Raffan, & K. Rooney, Trans.). Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  21. McKinsey Global Institute. (2013). Disruptive Technologies: Advances That Will Transform Life, Business and the Global Economy. Available via https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/digital-mckinsey/our-insights/disruptive-technologies.
  22. McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey Center for Government, McKinsey Business Technology Office. (2013). Open Data: Unlocking Innovation and Performance with Liquid Information. Available via https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/McKinsey%20Digital/Our%20Insights/Open%20data%20Unlocking%20innovation%20and%20performance%20with%20liquid%20information/MGI_Open_data_FullReport_Oct2013.ashx.
  23. Minsky, M., & Papert, S. A. (1969). Perceptrons. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press (1987).Google Scholar
  24. Morizot, B., & Orgo, V. (2016). Faut-il relâcher le “gene drive” dans la nature? Enjeux civilisationnels des “OGMs sauvages” [Must We Release the Gene Drive into the Wild? The Implications of “Wild GMOs” for Civilisation]. Available at http://www.normalesup.org/~vorgogoz/gene-drive.html.
  25. Müller, V. C., & Bostrom, N. (2016). Future Progress in Artificial Intelligence: A Survey of Expert Opinion. In Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence (pp. 553–571). Berlin: Springer. Google Scholar
  26. Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. Available via https://bitcoin.org/en/bitcoin-paper.
  27. National Security Agency. (2016). Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community, Senate Armed Services Committee. NAS Report. Available via https://www.dni.gov/files/documents/Newsroom/Testimonies/SSCI%20Unclassified%20SFR%20-%20Final.pdf.
  28. Plato. (2000). The Republic (T. Griffith, Trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Purdy, M., & Daugherty, P. (2016). Why Artificial Intelligence Is the Future of Growth, Accenture. Available via https://www.accenture.com/t20170524T055435__w__/ca-en/_acnmedia/PDF-52/Accenture-Why-AI-is-the-Future-of-Growth.pdf.
  30. Putnam, R. (1995). Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy, 6(1), 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ratti, C., & Helbing, D. (2016). The Hidden Danger of Big Data. Project Syndicate. Available via https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/data-optimization-danger-by-carlo-ratti-and-dirk-helbing-2016-08?barrier=accesspaylog.
  32. Scholem, G. (1991). The Messianic Idea in Judaism and Other Essays on Jewish Spirituality. New York: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
  33. Simmel, G. (1900). The Philosophy of Money (T. Bottomore & D. Frisby, Trans., 2004). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Simmel, G. (1908). Sociologie. Études sur les forms de la socialisation. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France (2013). Google Scholar
  35. Tapscott, D. (2016). How the Blockchain Is Changing Money and Business. TED Summit. Available via https://www.ted.com/talks/don_tapscott_how_the_blockchain_is_changing_money_and_business?language=en.
  36. Tratica. (2018). Artificial Intelligence for Enterprise Applications. Available via https://www.tractica.com/research/artificial-intelligence-for-enterprise-applications/.
  37. Turing, A. M. (1950, October 1). Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind, LIX(236), 433–460. Available via  https://doi.org/10.1093/mind/LIX.236.433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vergely, B. (2015). La Tentation de l’homme dieu [The Temptation of the Man-God]. Paris: Le Passeur.Google Scholar
  39. Warburg, B. (2016). How the Blockchain Will Radically Transform the Economy. TED Summit. Available via https://www.ted.com/talks/bettina_warburg_how_the_blockchain_will_radically_transform_the_economy?language=en.
  40. Weil, S. (1941). The Iliad, or the Poem of Force (M. McCarthy, Trans.). In War and the Iliad (2005). New York: The New York Review of Books.Google Scholar
  41. Weil, S. (1941–1942). Expérience de la vie d’usine [Experience of Factory Life]. In Oeuvres completes, tome II, vol 2, Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  42. Wiener, N. (1948). Cybernetics, or Communication and Control in the Animal and the Machine. Cambridge, USA: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  43. Wiener, N. (1964). God & Golem Inc: A Comment on Certain Points Where Cybernetics Impinges on Region. Cambridge, MA: MIT.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. World Economic Forum. (2015). Deep Shift, Technology Tipping Points and Societal Impact. Survey Report. Available via http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GAC15_Technological_Tipping_Points_report_2015.pdf.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paris Dauphine UniversityParisFrance
  2. 2.ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations