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Extending Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) with Geospatial Software as a Service: Participatory Asset Mapping Infrastructures for Urban Health

  • Marynia KolakEmail author
  • Michael Steptoe
  • Holly Manprisio
  • Lisa Azu-Popow
  • Megan Hinchy
  • Geraldine Malana
  • Ross Maciejewski
Chapter
Part of the Global Perspectives on Health Geography book series (GPHG)

Abstract

Community asset mapping is an essential step in public health practice for identifying community strengths, needs, and urban health intervention strategies. Community-based Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) could facilitate customized asset mapping to link free and accessible technologies with community needs in a mutually shared, knowledge-producing process. To address this issue, we demonstrate a participatory asset mapping infrastructure developed with a Chicago community using VGI concepts, participatory design principles, and geospatial Software as a Service (SaaS) using a suite of free and/or open tools. Participatory mapping infrastructures using decentralized system architecture can link data and mapping services, transforming siloed datasets to integrated systems managed and shared across multiple organizations. The final asset mapping infrastructure includes a flexible and cloud-based data management system, an interactive web map, and community asset data stream. By allowing for a dynamic, reproducible, adaptive, and participatory asset mapping system, health systems infrastructures can further support community health improvement frameworks by facilitating shared data and decision support implementations across health partners. Such “community-engaged VGI” is essential in integrating previously siloed data systems and facilitating means of collaboration with health systems in urban health research and practice.

Keywords

Community asset mapping Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) Participatory design Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Geospatial Software as a Service (GeoSaaS) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marynia Kolak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Steptoe
    • 2
  • Holly Manprisio
    • 3
  • Lisa Azu-Popow
    • 3
  • Megan Hinchy
    • 4
  • Geraldine Malana
    • 5
  • Ross Maciejewski
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Spatial Data Science, University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.School of Computing, Informatics & Decision Systems EngineeringArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.Community Services/External AffairsNorthwestern Memorial HealthCareChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Consortium to Lower Obesity in Chicago’s ChildrenAnn and Robert H. Lurie Children’s HospitalChicagoUSA
  5. 5.Erie Humboldt Park Health CenterChicagoUSA

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