The White Power Utopia and the Reproduction of Victimized Whiteness

  • Edward K. Chan


David Eden Lane’s KD Rebel (2002) and H. A. Covington’s The Hill of the Ravens (2003) are meant to paint a “terrifying” picture of multiculturalism as a dominant ideology and social reality, but both novels also contain a eutopian dimension by imagining how white people could separate from US society and create a corrective alternative to multiculturalism and the perception that the government persecutes, in particular, white heterosexual men. This chapter argues that what makes these novels utopian is not the imagination of how perfect society would be if it were only populated by heterosexual, non-Jewish white people, but rather the formation (or reconsolidation) of whiteness as a form of class consciousness.


  1. Baccolini, Raffaella. “Gender and Genre in the Feminist Critical Dystopias of Katherine Burdekin, Margaret Atwood, and Octavia Butler.” In Future Females, The Next Generation: New Voices and Velocities in Feminist Science Fiction Criticism, edited by Marleen S. Barr, 13–34. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.Google Scholar
  2. Baccolini, Raffaella, and Tom Moylan. “Introduction: Dystopia and Histories.” In Dark Horizons: Science Fiction and the Dystopian Imagination, edited by Raffaella Baccolini and Tom Moylan, 1–12. New York: Routledge, 2003.Google Scholar
  3. Barkun, Michael. Religion and the Racist Right: The Origins of the Christian Identity Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  4. Barnes, Luke. “This Neo-Nazi Helped Radicalize Coast Guard Officer Chris Hasson.” Thinkprogress, February 22, 2019. Accessed 24 February 2019.
  5. Belew, Kathleen. Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benjamin, Rich. Searching for Whitopia: An Improbably Journey to the Heart of White America. New York: Hachette Books, 2009. Kindle.Google Scholar
  7. Berbrier, Mitch. “The Victim Ideology of White Supremacists and White Separatists in the United States.” Sociological Focus 33, no. 2 (2000): 175–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Butler, Richard. “Platform for the Aryan National State.” Scribd. Accessed 5 November 2016.
  9. Carter, Greg. The United States of the United Races: A Utopian History of Racial Mixing. New York: New York University Press, 2013. Kindle.Google Scholar
  10. Coaston, Jane. “The New Zealand Shooter’s Manifesto Shows How White Nationalist Rhetoric Spreads.” Vox, March 18, 2019. Accessed 20 March 2019.
  11. Covington, H. A. The Hill of the Ravens. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2003. Kindle.Google Scholar
  12. Covington, H. A. The Brigade. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2007. Kindle.Google Scholar
  13. DiAngelo, Robin. “White Fragility.” International Journal of Critical Pedagogy 3, no. 3 (2011): 54–70.Google Scholar
  14. Dobratz, Betty A., and Stephanie L. Shanks-Meile. The White Separatist Movement in the US: “White Power, White Pride!”. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  15. Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860–1880. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1935.Google Scholar
  16. Ferber, Abby L. White Man Falling: Race, Gender, and White Supremacy. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.Google Scholar
  17. Flynn, Kevin, and Gary Gerhardt. The Silent Brotherhood: The Chilling Inside Story of America’s Violent Anti-Government Militia Movement. New York: Free Press, 1995. Kindle.Google Scholar
  18. Foucault, Michel. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. 1966. New York: Vintage, 1970.Google Scholar
  19. Gardiner, Steven L. “White Nationalism Revisited: Demographic Dystopia and White Identity Politics.” Journal of Hate Studies 4, no. 1 (2005): 59–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. “Huck Finn.” “New David Lane Book Released: KD Rebel.”, April 18, 2002. Accessed 8 November 2016.
  21. Jameson, Fredric. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  22. Jameson, Fredric. Archaeologies of the Future: The Desire Called Utopia and Other Science Fictions. New York: Verso, 2005.Google Scholar
  23. Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Accessed 8 November 2016.
  24. King, C. Richard, and David J. Leonard. Beyond Hate: White Power and Popular Culture. 2014. New York: Routledge, 2016.Google Scholar
  25. Lane, David. KD Rebel. 2002/2004. Solar General. Accessed 20 October 2015.
  26. Lane, David. “The 88 Precepts.” W.A.R. Accessed 30 January 2016.
  27. Lane, David. “Strategy.” Der Brüder Schweigen Archives and David Lane’s Pyramid Prophecy. Accessed 30 October 2016.
  28. Lane, David. “White Genocide Manifesto.” Der Brüder Schweigen Archives and David Lane’s Pyramid Prophecy. Accessed 13 November 2016.
  29. Michael, George. “David Lane and the Fourteen Words.” Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions 10, no. 1 (2009): 43–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Moylan, Tom. Scraps of the Untainted Sky: Science Fiction, Utopia, Dystopia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  31. Northwest Front, 2010. Accessed 13 November 2016.
  32. Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. Rev. ed. New York: Verso, 2007.Google Scholar
  33. Roemer, Kenneth M. “Paradise Transformed: Varieties of Nineteenth-Century Utopias.” In The Cambridge Guide to Utopian Literature, edited by Gregory Claeys, 79–106. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sargent, Lyman Tower. “The Three Faces of Utopianism Revisited.” Utopian Studies 5, no. 1 (1994): 1–37.Google Scholar
  35. Sargent, Lyman Tower. “Utopian Literature in English: An Annotated Bibliography from 1516 to the Present.” Penn State University Libraries, 2016. Accessed 9 May 2017.
  36. Zeskind, Leonard. Blood and Politics: The History of the White Nationalist Movement from the Margins to the Mainstream. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2009. Kindle.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward K. Chan
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Letters, Arts and SciencesWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations