Fundamentals in Shoulder Radiology

  • Ceylan Colak
  • Carl S. Winalski


Radiological imaging of the shoulder can assist in the diagnosis of a wide variety of conditions including normal anatomical variants, fractures, dislocations, and rotator cuff tears. The complex anatomy of the shoulder joint, which is the most active joint in the body, can make radiological investigation difficult. The choice of imaging modality depends on the nature of the suspected pathology and should be guided by clinical history and physical examination. Plain radiography is frequently the initial imaging modality of choice, with more advanced imaging techniques such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging employed when necessary. This chapter aims to review the imaging modalities used to assess common shoulder pathologies.


Shoulder radiology Musculoskeletal imaging MR imaging 



We thank our scientific medical writer, Megan Griffiths, MA, for her help with editing this book chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ceylan Colak
    • 1
  • Carl S. Winalski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Imaging InstituteCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Engineering, Lerner Research InstituteCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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