Sisters of the Forest

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
Part of the American Literature Readings in the 21st Century book series (ALTC)


The focus of critical inquiry in this chapter is Hemingway’s relationship to his sisters (Marcelline, Sunny, and Ursula), focusing on the trope of “androgynous twinship,” and the extent to which the sibling twin dyad similarly informs Hemingway’s identity and art. This inquiry serves as a springboard for an in-depth analysis of Hemingway’s relationship to a series of surrogate “twin sisters” and the extent to which these amorous, androgynous relationships similarly inform his identity and art. Throughout, the primary focus is on the Marcelline-Ernest and Mary Welsh-Ernest relationships. An in-depth analysis is also conducted of the fictional counterpart to these sibling twin dyads, the Catherine-David Bourne relationship of GOE.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NevadaLas VegasUSA

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