The Mother of Invention: The Birth of the Twin

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
Part of the American Literature Readings in the 21st Century book series (ALTC)


The focus of critical analysis in this chapter is the problematic, ambivalent, and generative relationship between Hemingway and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway—and the extent to which both Hemingway’s identity and invention are informed by the mother-son dyad. The familial, maternal origin of the androgynous wound is read through the critical lens of Freud’s theory of “The Uncanny.” The baby album kept by Grace, Marcelline’s memoir, At the Hemingways, and Kenneth Lynn’s psycho-biography, Hemingway, are cited to document a wound of androgyny that is always and already a wound of emasculation, into which the subsequent war wound is absorbed.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Gilbert Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NevadaLas VegasUSA

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