Advertisement

Anti-humanism and the Deconstruction of the Liberal Subject

  • James Heartfield
Chapter

Abstract

France saw a great intellectual upsurge in a variety of different academic fields in the 1970s, principally in philosophy, but also in the social sciences, linguistics, anthropology, history, and psychiatry. Different strands of thinking, from the linguistic school of structuralists, Lévi-Strauss’ structuralist anthropology, Louis Althusser’s reconsiderations of the basis of Marxism, Derrida’s philosophical critique of phenomenology and structuralism, Lacan’s of Freud and the unconscious, and Michel Foucault’s historical genealogy, all seemed to be coalescing in a reconsideration of the centrality of Man in what had been assumed to be a human-centred universe. Often seen as representing the triumph of subjectivity over objective reality, this chapter will show how the theories of deconstruction were really a critique of the Subject.

References

  1. Althusser, L. (1969). For Marx. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  2. Althusser, L. (1994a). The future lasts a long time. London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  3. Althusser, L. (1994b). Ideological state apparatuses. In S. Zizek (Ed.), Mapping ideology. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  4. Auden, W. H. (1939, October 18). September 1, 1939. The New Republic.Google Scholar
  5. Barthes, R. (1983). Writing degree zero. New York: Hill and Wang.Google Scholar
  6. Boswell, J. (1923). Life of Samuel Johnson. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and Company.Google Scholar
  7. Bouteldja, H. (2016). Whites, Jews and us. South Pasadena: Semiotext(e).Google Scholar
  8. Derrida, J. (1991). Of spirit: Heidegger and the question. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Derrida, J. (1997). Of grammatology. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Foucault, M. (1966). l’Homme, est il mort? Arts 38, June.Google Scholar
  11. Foucault, M. (1986). The order of things: The archaeology of the human sciences. London: Tavistock.Google Scholar
  12. Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline & punish: The birth of the prison. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  13. Hegel, G. (1975). Logic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Hegel, G. (1977). Phenomenology of spirit. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Heidegger, M. (1990). Being and time. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  16. Herakleitos and Diogenes. (1979). Herakleitos and Diogenes. San Francisco, CA: Grey Fox Press.Google Scholar
  17. Husserl, E. (1970). The crisis of the European sciences. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Husserl, E. (2001). Logical investigations. Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Hyppolite, J. (1974). Genesis and structure of Hegel’s phenomenology of spirit. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hyppolite, J. (1977). Logic and existence. New York: State University of New York.Google Scholar
  21. Kant, I. (1964). Critique of pure reason. London: Everyman Edition.Google Scholar
  22. Kojève, A. (1991). Introduction to the reading of Hegel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Lacan, J. (1994). The four fundamental concepts of psychoanalysis. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  24. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1968). Structural anthropology. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  25. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1994). The savage mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lyotard, J.-F. (1989). The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Marx, K. (1997). The Marx reader. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  28. Nancy, J.-L. (1993). The experience of freedom. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Nietzsche, F. (1989). Genealogy of morals. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  30. Safranski, R. (1999). Martin Heidegger: Between good and evil. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  31. de Saussure, F. (2011). Course in general linguistics. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Scottish Parliament. (2017) Children and young people (Information sharing) (Scotland) Bill, Policy Memorandum.Google Scholar
  33. Zedong, M. (2009). Collected writings of Chairman Mao: Volume 3—On policy, practice and contradiction. Texas: El Paso Norte Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Heartfield
    • 1
  1. 1.LondonUK

Personalised recommendations