MXene–Organic Hybrid Materials

  • Muhammad Boota


Organic–inorganic hybrid materials are important class of materials which find applications in electrochemical energy conversion and storage, electronics, optics, biomedical applications, and many other areas of our daily life. Material properties of hybrid nanomaterials can be improved by changing either organic or inorganic component in a given hybrid matrix resulting in nearly unlimited combinations of innovative materials. MXenes are 2D inorganic sheets which are known for their metallic conductivity, high mechanical strength, hydrophilicity, and structural diversity. These properties are much needed in an inorganic component of a hybrid material. While the potential of MXenes in their pristine form is well documented, their applications in manufacturing organic–inorganic hybrid nanomaterials are relatively less explored. In this chapter, we have reported recent advances in MXene–organic hybrid materials. We summarized various MXene–organic hybrid synthesis approaches such as oxidant-free polymerization, self-assembly, diazonium chemistry, and others. With the help of computational methods, we have explained the host–guest interaction mechanisms, charge transfer mechanisms, and propagation of monomers into polymers. The role of polarity in organic molecules/polymers is discussed which may guide the design of new MXene–organic hybrid materials with well-defined properties for a variety of applications. We have also summarized the properties and various applications of MXene–organic hybrids. This chapter concludes with the remaining challenges and outlook to our readers.


MXene Hybrid material Composite MXene–polymer Titanium carbide 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Boota
    • 1
  1. 1.A. J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute and Department of Materials Science & EngineeringDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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