This chapter centers on how the education market system failed Detroit, which further undermined links between low-income neighborhoods and schools. Following population decline and decreased funding, there were over 100 closures of Detroit schools, both district and charter, between 2000 and 2010, further marginalizing low-income neighborhoods. Confronted by mass school closures, both public and charter schools failed to improve student outcomes. Middle schools and high school test scores remained low in both public and charter schools, adding to the complexity of challenges facing most high schools as they tried to introduce advanced courses. The authors also introduce the three school cases: Tech, a small school attempting to integrate technology into the school district’s curriculum; Hope, a central city charter started as part of community center; and Kappa, a charter located on the border of the city, near neighborhoods where families still had employment in auto firms located in the suburbs.
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