Analgesia and Anesthesia to Enable Outpatient Spine Surgery

  • Ramesh M. Singa
  • Asokumar Buvanendran


Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is a rapidly growing approach that offers many benefits over traditional open spine surgery (TOSS), including reduced rates of complication, decreased pain, and faster recovery. However, these positive outcomes are only possible with an appropriate anesthetic and analgesic plan. Therefore, surgeons and anesthesiologists should discuss the preoperative evaluation, anesthetic technique, analgesia, postoperative care, and certain special considerations prior to the day of surgery. Subsequent plans and expected outcomes should be explained to the patient with the aim of answering any questions and addressing any concerns.


Minimally invasive spine surgery anesthesia Minimally invasive spine surgery analgesia Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in minimally invasive spine surgery Minimally invasive spine surgery anesthetic technique Minimally invasive spine surgery neuromonitoring 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramesh M. Singa
    • 1
  • Asokumar Buvanendran
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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