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Adult Scoliosis

  • Teja Karukonda
  • Steven M. Presciutti
  • Isaac L. Moss
  • Frank M. PhillipsEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Adult scoliosis represents a complex three-dimensional deformity that may affect the spine in the coronal, sagittal, and axial planes. Unlike in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, adult patients typically present with spinal deformity, stenosis, neurogenic symptoms, and significant medical comorbidities. Traditional surgical approaches to the adult patient with spinal deformity have included open posterior-only and open anterior/posterior surgical correction. These techniques have provided reliable correction of deformity; however, these traditional open procedures carry with them a significant perioperative risk profile. Minimally invasive surgery in the management of adult scoliosis has been introduced to minimize the postoperative morbidity and facilitate earlier recovery in this group of medically complicated patients. The current experience with minimally invasive techniques of adult scoliosis has rapidly evolved since their inception.

Keywords

Adult scoliosis Spinal fusion Minimally invasive Sagittal balance Spinal deformity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teja Karukonda
    • 1
  • Steven M. Presciutti
    • 2
  • Isaac L. Moss
    • 3
  • Frank M. Phillips
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of ConnecticutFarmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUConn HealthFarmingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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