Cervical Herniated Nucleus Pulposus and Stenosis

  • Pablo R. PazmiñoEmail author
  • Carl Lauryssen


The purpose of this chapter is to assess the scientific rigor of the literature involving MIS approaches to the cervical spine, the overall quality of the reporting, indications for various procedures, complications associated with each approach, and the extent to which the outcomes can relate to clinical practice. Although the techniques and equipment were at first cumbersome, MIS procedures have become a reality with technological developments and improved skills. In this chapter, we focus on minimally invasive cervical procedures. We organize the topic by approach (anterior and posterior), and for each, we evaluate the surgeries used to treat cervical herniations and stenosis.


Minimally invasive Endoscopic Cervical disc herniation Cervical foraminotomy Anterior foraminotomy Cervical spine Intervertebral disc Radiculopathy Spine Vertebrae Selective cervical laminoplasty Cervical spondylotic myelopathy 



anterior cervical discectomy and fusion


artificial disc replacement


anterior endoscopic cervical discectomy and fusion


minimal access spinal technique


microendoscopic discectomy


minimally invasive surgery


ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament


percutaneous endoscopic cervical decompression


percutaneous nucleoplasty



Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.

One of the authors (CL) has consultant/stock or equity in the following companies: Alphatech, Amedica, Depuy Spine, Intrinsic Orthopedics, K2M, Medtronic-Kyphon, Pioneer, Orthocon, Paradigm, Replication Medical, Spinal Elements, Spinal Motions, Spinal Kinetics, and Spineology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SpineCalSanta MonicaUSA
  2. 2.St. Davids Round RockAustinUSA

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