Advertisement

Biochar for Reclamation of Saline Soils

  • Sharma Mona
  • Rachna Bhateria
  • Bansal Deepak
  • Bala Kiran
  • Rani Nisha
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 56)

Abstract

Salinity is one of the important environmental factors, which influence fertility and quality of the soil. In semiarid and arid regions of the world, salinity is the main constraint that is affecting productivity and yield of the crop plants. Many crop plants are very sensitive to high concentration of salinity. A recent concept of biochar application to soil is enhancing various physicochemical properties under acidic and saline conditions. Biochar is a carbonaceous compound and can be utilized as a better soil ameliorant in comparison to other organic amendments for improving the fertility of soil for an elongated time period. The present review chapter is based on the results of many research papers, showing that the application of biochar to soil is potentially suitable for highly weathered soils as it enhances physicochemical properties and reduces soil loss. Although the information on biochar for enhancing the soil chemical properties is well-known, information on physical properties’ enhancement is scarce. Therefore, the main aim of the current chapter is to provide all the available literature and information on the role of biochar for the reclamation of soil by enhancing their physicochemical properties under saline conditions. Further, the present review examines and deliberates the investigations on the effect of biochar in reclamation and enhancing the properties of salt-affected soils.

Keywords

Biochar Soil physical properties Chemical properties Organic carbon Amelioration 

References

  1. Abbas T, Rizwan M, Ali S, Adrees M, Zia-ur-Rehman M, Qayyum MF, Ok YS, Murtaza G (2018) Effect of biochar on alleviation of cadmium toxicity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown on Cd-contaminated saline soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:25668–25680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abbasi MK, Anwar AA (2015) Ameliorating effects of biochar derived from poultry manure and white clover residues on soil nutrient status and plant growth promotion - greenhouse experiments. PLoS One 10(6):e0131592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdallah IHM, Alawneh A, Abu-safaqan O (1998) Effects of organic matter on the physical and the physicochemical properties of an illitic soil. J Appl Clay Sci 14(5–6):257–278Google Scholar
  4. Agbna HD, Ali G, Albashir E, Mohammed M, Bakir M, Osman A, Elshaikh A (2017) Effect of biochar on some soil properties and tomato growth under saline water conditions. Int J Sci Eng Res 8:24–28Google Scholar
  5. Ali S, Rizwan M, Qayyum MF, Ok YS, Ibrahim M, Riaz M, Arif MS, Hafeez F, Al-Wabel MI, Shahzad AN (2017) Biochar soil amendment on alleviation of drought and salt stress in plants: a critical review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:12700–12712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Atkinson CJ, Fitzgerald JD, Hipps NA (2010) Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from biochar application to temperature soils: a review. Plant Soil 337:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barrow CJ (2011) Biochar: potential for countering land degradation and for improving agriculture. Appl Geogr 34:21–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Benjamin JG, Nielsen DC, Vigil MF (2003) Quantifying effects of soil conditions on plant growth and crop production. Geoderma 116:137–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Borselli L, Carnicelli S, Ferrari GA, Pagliai M, Lucamante G (1996) Effect of gypsum on hydrological, mechanical and porosity properties of a kaolinitic crusting soil. Soil Technol 9:39–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bossuyt H, Denef K, Six J, Frey SD, Merckx R, Paustian K (2001) Influence of microbial populations and residue quality on aggregate stability. Appl Soil Ecol 16:195–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bowman RA, Reeder JD, Lober RW (1990) Changes in soil properties in a central plains rangeland soil after 3, 20 and 60 years of cultivation. Soil Sci 150:851–857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Briggs CM, Breiner J, Graham RC (2005) Contributions of Pinus ponderosa charcoal to soil chemical and physical properties. In: The ASA–CSSA–SSSA international annual meetings, Salt Lake City, 6–10 Nov 2005Google Scholar
  13. Brockhoff SR, Christians NE, Killorn RJ, Horton R, Davis DD (2010) Physical and mineral-nutrition properties of sand-based Turfgrass root zones amended with biochar. Agron J 102: 1627–1631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bruun EW, Petersen CT, Hansen E, Holm JK, Hauggaard-Nielsen H (2014) Biochar amendment to coarse sandy subsoil improves root growth and increases water retention. Soil Use Manag 30:109–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carter S, Shackley S, Sohi S, Suy TB, Haefele S (2013) The impact of biochar application on soil properties and plant growth of pot grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Agronomy 3:404–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chan KY, Van Zwieten L, Meszaros I, Downie A, Joseph S (2007) Agronomic values of green waste biochar as a soil amendment. Aust J Soil Res 45:629–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Deenik J, Diarra A, Uehara G, Campbell S, Sumiyoshi Y, Antal M Jr (2011) Charcoal ash and volatile matter effects on soil properties and plant growth in an acid Ultisol. Soil Sci 176:336–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Díaz RA, Magrin GO, Travasso MI, Rodríguez RO (1997) Climate change and its impact on the properties of agricultural soils in the Argentinean Rolling Pampas. Clim Res 9:25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Doerr SH, Woods SW, Martin DA, Casimiro M (2009) ‘Natural background’ soil water repellency in conifer forests of the North-Western USA: its prediction and relationship to wildfire occurrence. J Hydrol 371: 12–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dorioz JM, Robert M, Chenu C (1993) The role of roots, fungi and bacteria in clay particle organisation: an experimental approach. Geoderma 56:179–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Downie A, Crosky A, Munroe P (2009) Physical properties of biochar. In: Lehmann JL, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. London: Earthscan 13–32Google Scholar
  22. Dugan E, Verhoef A, Robinson S, Sohi S (2010) Bio-char from sawdust, maize stover and charcoal: impact on water holding capacities (WHC) of three soils from Ghana. In: 19th world congress of soil science, soil solutions for a changing world 11, Brisbane, published on DVDGoogle Scholar
  23. Edenborn SL, Edenborn HM, Krynock RM, Haug KLZ (2015) Influence of biochar application methods on the phytostabilization of a hydrophobic soil contaminated with lead and acid tar. J Environ Manage 150:226–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. El-Mahrouky M, El-Naggar AH, Usman AR, Al-Wabel M (2015) Dynamics of CO2 emission and biochemical properties of a sandy calcareous soil amended with Conocarpus waste and biochar. Pedosphere 25:46–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gaskin JW, Speir A, Morris LM, Ogden L, Harris K, Lee D, Das KC (2007) Potential for pyrolysis char to affect soil moisture and nutrient status of a loamy-sand soil. In: Proceedings of the Georgia water resources conference. University of Georgia, Athens, p 15Google Scholar
  26. Ghassemi F, Jakeman AJ, Nix HA (1995) Salinisation of land and water resources: human causes, extent management and case studies, UNSW Press/CAB International, Sydney/Wallingford, 526pGoogle Scholar
  27. Gisladottir G, Stocking M (2005) Land degradation control and its global environmental benefits. Land Degrad Dev 16:99–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Haefele SM, Konboon Y, Wongboon W, Amarante S, Maarifat AA, Pfeiffer EM, Knoblauch C (2011) Effects and fate of biochar from rice residues in rice-based systems. Field Crop Res 121:430–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hansen V, Hauggaard-Nielsen H, Petersen CT, Mikkelsen TN, Müller-Stöver D (2016) Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types. Soil Tillage Res 161:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Herath HMSK, Camps-Arbestain M, Hedley M (2013) Effect of biochar on soil physical properties in two contrasting soils: an Alfisol and an Andisol. Geodema 209–210:188–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Indren M, Cheruvu N (2017) Biochar production and characterisation - a field study. 978-1-5090-6046-7/17/$31.00 IEEE 22-37Google Scholar
  32. Jeffery S, Verheijen FGA, van der Velde M, Bastos AC (2011) A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis. Agric Ecosyst Environ 144:175–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jien SH, Wang CS (2013) Effects of biochar on soil properties and erosion potential in a highly weathered soil. Catena 110:225–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Karhu K, Mattila T, Bergström I, Regina K (2011) Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity results from a short-term pilot field study. Agric Ecosyst Environ 140:309–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kim H-S, Kim K-R, Jae E, Yang OYS, Owens G, Nehls T, Wessolek G, Kim K-H (2016) Effect of biochar on reclaimed tidal land soil properties and maize (Zea mays L.) response. Chemosphere 142:153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Konboon S, Wongboon Y, Amarante W, Maarifat S, Pfeiffer A, Knoblauch EC (2011) Effects and fate of biochar from rice residues in rice-based systems. Field Crops Res 121:430–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Laird DA, Fleming P, Wang B, Horton R, Karlen D (2010a) Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a midwestern agricultural soil. J Geod 158(3–4):436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Laird D, Fleming P, Wang B, Horton R, Karlen D (2010b) Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma 158: 443–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Crowley D (2011) Biochar effects on soil biota–a review. Soil Biol Biochem 43:1812–1836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Liu XH, Han FP, Zhang XC (2012) Effects of biochar on soil aggregates in the loess plateau: results from incubation experiments. Int J Agr and Bio 14:975–979Google Scholar
  41. Lu H, Lashari MS, Liu X, Ji H, Li L, Zheng J, Kibue GW, Joseph S, Pan G (2015) Changes in soil microbial community structure and enzyme activity with amendment of biochar-manure compost and pyroligneous solution in a saline soil from Central China. European J Soil Bio 70:67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Major J, Steiner C, Downie A, Lehmann J (2009) Biochar effects on nutrient leaching. In: Lehmann JL, Joseph S (eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. Earthscan, London, pp 271–288Google Scholar
  43. Middleton NJ, Thomas DSG (1992) World atlas of desertification. Edward Arnold/UNEP, Seven Oaks, p 182Google Scholar
  44. Nartey OD, Zhao B (2014) Biochar preparation, characterization, and adsorptive capacity and its effect on bioavailability of contaminants: an overview. Adv Mater Sci Eng 2014:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Novak JM, Lima I, Xing B, Gaskin JW, Steiner C, Das KC, Ahmedna M, Rehrah D, Watts DW, Busscher WJ, Schomberg H (2009) Characterization of designer biochar produced at different temperatures and their effects on a loamy sand. Ann Environ Sci 2:195–206Google Scholar
  46. Novak JM, Cantrell KB, Watts DW, Busscher WJ, Johnson MG (2014) Designing relevant biochars as soil amendments using lignocellulosic-based and manure-based feedstocks. J Soils Sediments 14(2):330–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Reynolds JF, Stafford DMS (2002) Do human cause deserts? In: Reynolds JF, Stafford Smith DMS (eds) Global desertification: do human cause deserts? JF Dahlem University Press, Berlin, pp 2042–2048Google Scholar
  48. Saifullah DS, Rengel NA, Naidu RZ (2018) Biochar application for the remediation of salt-affected soils: challenges and opportunities. Sci Total Environ 625:320–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Scott HD (2000) Soil physics: agriculture and environmental applications, 1st edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames, pp 35–87Google Scholar
  50. Shamim M, Dijkstra FA, Abuyusf M, Hossain AI (2015) Synergistic effects of biochar and NPK fertilizer on soybean yield in an alkaline soil. Pedosphere 25:713–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. She D, Sun X, Agbna HD, Gamareldawla NEA, Hu W, Edith K, Yu S (2018) Benefits of soil biochar amendments to tomato growth under saline water irrigation. Nat Sci Rep 8:14743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Six J, Bossuyt H, Degryze S, Denef K (2004) A history of research on the link between (micro) aggregates, soil biota, and soil organic matter dynamics. Soil Tillage Res 79:7–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sohi SP (2010) Appendix 1. Analysis of scientific studies published on the function of char, its quantification, and its stability in soil. In: Shackley S, Sohi SP (eds) An assessment of the benefits and issues associated with the application of biochar to soil. A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Department of Energy and Climate Change, London, pp 1–4Google Scholar
  54. Sohi S, Lopez-Capel E, Krull E, Bol R (2009) Biochar, climate change and soil: a review to guide future research. CSIRO Land and Water Science report 05/09. CSIRO, Melbourne, pp.1–64Google Scholar
  55. Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E, Bol R (2010) A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. In: Donald LS (ed) Advances in agronomy, vol 105. Academic Press, Burlington, pp 47–82Google Scholar
  56. Szabolcs I (1992) Salinization of soils and water and its relation to desertification. Desert Control Bull 21:32–37Google Scholar
  57. Usman ARA, Abduljabbar A, Vithanage M, Ok YS, Ahmad M, Ahmad M (2015) Biochar production from date palm waste: charring temperature induced changes in composition and surface chemistry. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 115:392–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Usman ARA, Al-Wabel MI, Ok YS, Al-Harbi A, Wahb-Allah M, El-Naggar AH, Al-Omran A (2016) Conocarpus biochar induces changes in soil nutrient availability and tomato growth under saline irrigation. Pedosphere 26:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Uzoma KC, Inoue M, Andry H, Zahoor A, Nishihara E (2011) Influence of biochar application on sandy soil hydraulic properties and nutrient retention. J Food Agric Environ 9:1137–1143Google Scholar
  60. Van Zwieten L, Kimber S, Morris S, Chan KY, Downie A, Rust J, Joseph S, Cowie A (2010) Effects of biochar from slow pyrolysis of paper mill waste on agronomic performance and soil fertility. Plant Soil 327:235–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Verheijen FGA, Jefferey S, Bastos AC, van der Velde M, Diafas I (2009) Biochar application to soils–a critical scientific review of effects on soil properties, processes and functions. JRC scientific and technical report EUR 24099 EN: European Communities, pp 1–162Google Scholar
  62. Wang L, Butterfly CR, Wang Y, Herath H, Xi YG, Xiao XJ (2014) Effect of crop residue biochar on soil acidity amelioration in strongly acidic tea garden soils. Soil Use Manag 30:119–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Waters D, van Zwieten L, Singh BP, Downie A, Cowie AL, Lehmann J (2011) Biochar in soil for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Soil Health Clim Change 29:345–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Woolf D, James E, Amonette F, Street-Perrott A, Lehmann J, Joseph S (2010) Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nat Commun 1:56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Xie T, Krishna R, Wang RC, Yargicoglu E, Spokas K (2015) Characteristics and applications of biochar for environmental remediation: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 45:939–969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Xu G, Sun J, Shao H, Chang SX (2014) Biochar had effects on phosphorus sorption and desorption in three soils with differing acidity. Ecol Eng 62:54–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Yousaf B, Liu G, Wang R, Abbas Q, Imtiaz M, Liu R (2016) Investigating the biochar effects on C-mineralization and sequestration of carbon in soil compared with conventional amendments using stable isotope (δ13C) approach. GCB Bioenergy 9:1085–1091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Yuan JH, Xu RK (2011) The amelioration effects of low temperature biochar generated from nine crop residues on an acidic Ultisol. Soil Use Manag 27:110–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Yuan JH, Xu RK (2012) Effects of biochars generated from crop residues on chemical properties of acid soils from tropical and subtropical China. Soil Res 50:570–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Zhang A, Bian R, Pan G, Cui L, Hussain Q, Li L, Yu X (2012) Effects of biochar amendment on soil quality, crop yield and greenhouse gas emission in a Chinese rice paddy: a field study of 2 consecutive rice growing cycles. Field Crop Res 127:153–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zhang A, Bian R, Hussain Q, Li L, Pan G, Zheng J (2013) Change in net global warming potential of a rice–wheat cropping system with biochar soil amendment in a rice paddy from China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 173:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Zhang H, Voroney RP, Price GW (2015) Effects of temperature and processing conditions on biochar chemical properties and their influence on soil C and N transformations. Soil Biol Biochem 83:19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharma Mona
    • 1
  • Rachna Bhateria
    • 2
  • Bansal Deepak
    • 3
  • Bala Kiran
    • 4
  • Rani Nisha
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science & EngineeringGuru Jambheshwar University of Science & TechnologyHisarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesMaharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia
  3. 3.JBM GroupGurugramIndia
  4. 4.Discipline of Biosciences & Biomedical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyIndoreIndia
  5. 5.Department of BiosciencesHimachal Pradesh UniversityShimlaIndia

Personalised recommendations