Occlusion and Its Relation to Peri-Implant Diseases

  • Stephen Harrel


Occlusal “overload” on implants is poorly defined. Occlusal stress on implants has been related to both early and late implant failure. Occlusal stress can cause materials and, possibly, biologic failure. Occlusal forces should be placed on the long axis of the implant to minimize stress on the bone-implants integrated surface.


Occlusal stress Early failure Late failure Materials fracture Force in the long axis 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Harrel
    • 1
  1. 1.Periodontology DepartmentTexas A&M College of DentistryDallasUSA

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