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Brain Connectivity Reduction Reflects Disturbed Self-Organisation of the Brain: Neural Disorders and General Anaesthesia

  • Axel Hutt
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Cognitive and Neural Systems book series (SSCNS, volume 13)

Abstract

The neurophysiological correlate of functional neural impairment is an open problem. Functional impairment may be observed as mental disorder, seizures or modification of consciousness level. The latter include loss of responsiveness under general anaesthesia, sleep or even trance in hypnosis. This chapter points out the relation between reduced brain connectivity as a possible correlate of neural functional impairment and self-organisation in the brain. A first numerical example demonstrates how neural noise disturbs self-organisation in the brain. Estimators of self-organisation such as global phase synchrony or information transfer quantify the degree of self-organisation. The chapter provides a brief literature review on how these estimators indicate brain connectivity modifications in neural disorders and under general anaesthesia.

Keywords

Unconsciousness Alzheimer’s disease Parkinson disease Multiple sclerosis Noise-induced transition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Axel Hutt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department FE 12 (Data Assimilation)Deutscher Wetterdienst – German Meteorological Service, Research and DevelopmentOffenbach am MainGermany

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