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Robotic Pelvic Exenteration

  • Songphol Malakorn
  • Tarik Sammour
  • George J. ChangEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

There has been significant growth in the use of robotic surgery for rectal cancer worldwide. Emerging data appears to support the feasibility of robotic surgery for T4 rectal cancers with comparable short-term oncologic outcomes. The advantages of robotic surgery over conventional laparoscopic surgery include better pelvic visualization by 3-D-adjustable cameras and more degrees of freedom with wrist-articulated instrumentation, thus achieving more precise dissections. These benefits may compensate for some of the limitations of conventional laparoscopic surgery, especially during complex pelvic dissection. In carefully selected cases, the robotic approach may expand our ability to offer minimally invasive surgery to this subset of locally advanced rectal cancer patients. In this chapter, we clarify a step-by-step approach of robotic pelvic exenteration for T4 rectal cancers.

Keywords

Rectal cancer Adenocarcinoma of the rectum Pelvic exenteration Robotic surgery Minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer Colorectal cancer 

Supplementary material

Video 29.1

Video demonstrates a step-by-step approach for robotic total pelvic exenteration in a patient who had low rectal cancer with prostatic invasion (MOV 662715 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Songphol Malakorn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tarik Sammour
    • 2
    • 3
  • George J. Chang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Colorectal Surgery, Faculty of MedicineChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Surgical OncologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Colorectal Unit, Department of SurgeryRoyal Adelaide Hospital, University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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