Ego: Structure, Complex, Drive

  • Bruce Bond


In this chapter, I rely heavily upon the self-psychology of Heinz Kohut (in dialogue with Freud and Jung) and argue that our conception of the ego is actually several competing conceptions. Key here as well is a distinction between ego strength and ego inflation, a distinction common in analytic psychology but often at odds with common usage and metaphor. Kohut’s distinctive defense of self-affirmation, particularly in developmental context, resonates strongly in my analysis with the work of William Blake and Walt Whitman, where self-affirmation plays a key role in the development of moral intelligence.


Ego Kohut Self-psychology Drive Freud Lacan 

Works Cited

  1. Blake, William. Selected Poems. Ed. Peter Butter. London: Everyman, 1995. Print.Google Scholar
  2. Jung, C.G. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self. Eds. Gerhard Adler, Michael Fordham, & Sir Herbert Read. Trans. R. F. C. Hull. New York: Pantheon, 1959. Print.Google Scholar
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  4. Place, Vanessa. From Notes on Conceptualisms. Academy of American Poets, 07 Mar. 2011. Web.
  5. Welwood, John. Toward a Psychology of Awakening. Boston: Shambhala, 2002. Print.Google Scholar
  6. Whitman, Walt. Song of Myself. Ed. Stephen Mitchell. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1993. Print.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Bond
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North TexasDentonUSA

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