Bovine Tuberculosis in Rwanda

  • Gervais HabarugiraEmail author
  • Joseph Rukelibuga
  • Manassé Nzayirambaho


Although available baseline data confirm that bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is present in Rwanda, its control remains neglected despite its known socio-economic and public health importance. Although it is often too expensive for developing countries, such as Rwanda, to eradicate BTB using the conventional international approach, BTB surveillance programs, at least, should be established focusing on high-risk animals in areas bordering the national parks, and those originating from neighboring countries where BTB is present and its prevalence is high. Effective control of animal movement within the country can also be used as a way of initially managing the disease by limiting its further spread to uninfected areas. DNA fingerprinting of M. bovis strains circulating in Rwanda is required to determine the possibility of cross-infection between different animal species, and humans, and to manage the risk of exposure to infection. Implementation of the One Health approach should augment efforts to effectively prevent, control, and, possibly, eradicate the disease from the country in the long term.


Tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis Rwanda One Health Public Health Abattoir 



The authors express their appreciation to Mr. Ali Ahsan Bajwa of The University of Queensland (UQ), and Dr. Jared Omolo of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Rwanda, for critically reviewing this book chapter. They are also grateful to Ms. Namubiru Halima of The University of Queensland (UQ) for her assistance during the writing of this book chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gervais Habarugira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joseph Rukelibuga
    • 2
  • Manassé Nzayirambaho
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of RwandaKigaliRwanda
  2. 2.The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Influenza ProgramKigaliRwanda
  3. 3.School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of RwandaKigaliRwanda

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